Vatican City (The Holy See)
The Vatican is a dagger in the heart of Italy.
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- Political structure
- Main cities
- Languages spoken
- Industry and manufacturing
- Financial markets
- Banking and insurance
- Dress codes
- Entry requirements
- Health (for visitors)
- Credit cards
- Public holidays
- Working hours
- Social customs and useful tips
- Getting there
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Official name: Stato della Cittá del Vaticano (Vatican City State). Santa Sede (The Holy See) – the head organisation of the Roman Catholic Church – operates from the territory of the Vatican City State.
Head of State: Pope Francis (elected 13 Mar 2013, inaugurated 19 Mar 2014)
Head of government: President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State (since 1 June 2013) and President of the Governorate of Vatican City State (since 1 Oct 2011) Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
Area: 0 square km
Population: 460 (2010; census figure)
Capital: Vatican City
Official language: Latin; Italian is most commonly spoken.
Currency: Vatican City Lira and Euro (VCL and €)
Exchange rate: VCL and €0.89 per US$ (Feb 2014); (the Vatican City State has its own currency which, by agreement with the Italian state, is also legal tender in Italy; its value is pegged to that of the euro).