St Lucia

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St Lucia was outside the routes taken by Columbus during his four visits to the New World and was probably first sighted by Spanish explorers during the early 1500s. The first attempt at European colonisation was not made until 1605, when a party of English settlers was quickly routed off the island by unreceptive Caribs. A second attempt by about 400 British colonists from St Kitts was made in 1638, but the settlement was abandoned within two years after most of the settlers were killed in Carib attacks.

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Overview: St Lucia


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Profile: St Lucia

- Timeline

- Political structure

- Population,

- Education  

- Health

- Welfare

- Main cities

- Languages spoken

- Media

- Economy

- Agriculture

- Industry and manufacturing

- Tourism

- Mining,

- Hydrocarbons

- Energy

- Financial markets

- Banking and insurance

- Time

- Geography

- Climate

- Dress codes

- Entry requirements

- Health (for visitors)

- Hotels

- Credit cards

- Public holidays

- Working hours

- Telecommunications

- Electricity

- Social customs and useful tips

- Security

- Getting there

- Getting about

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Key Facts

Key Facts:

Key Facts
Official name: St Lucia
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II; Governor General Dame Calliopa Pearlette Louisy (since 1997)
Head of government: Prime Minister Dr Kenneth (Kenny) Davis Anthony (SLP) (from 30 Nov 2011)
Ruling party: St Lucia Labour Party (SLP) (from 30 Nov 2011)
Area: 616 square km
Population: 170,000 (2014)* (166,526; 2010 census figure)
Capital: Castries
Official language: English
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (EC$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: EC$2.70 per US$ (fixed)
GDP per capita: US$7,978 (2014)*
GDP real growth: -1.11% (2014)*
GDP: US$1.36 billion (2014)*
Inflation: 2.46% (2014)*
Balance of trade: -US$291.33 million (2013)
Annual FDI: US$80.98 million (2011)
* estimated figure

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