El Salvador

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I think the difference between El Salvador and Nicaragua is that in Nicaragua you had a popular insurrection, and in El Salvador you had a revolution.

Bianca Jagger


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Throughout the 1980s El Salvador was beset by a vicious civil war. The war left an estimated 70,000 people dead and caused damage put at US$2bn, but it also brought about important political reforms. The civil war’s origins went back to beyond the 1950s the product of deep social divisions between the well heeled upper echelons of society to be found enjoying lunch at San Salvador’s Country Club when not running the country’s banks and industry, not to mention its government

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- Timeline

- Political structure

- Population,

- Education  

- Health

- Welfare

- Main cities

- Languages spoken

- Media

- Economy

- Agriculture

- Industry and manufacturing

- Tourism

- Mining,

- Hydrocarbons

- Energy

- Financial markets

- Banking and insurance

- Time

- Geography

- Climate

- Dress codes

- Entry requirements

- Health (for visitors)

- Hotels

- Credit cards

- Public holidays

- Working hours

- Telecommunications

- Electricity

- Social customs and useful tips

- Security

- Getting there

- Getting about

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Key Facts

Key Facts:

Key Facts
Official name: República de El Salvador (Republic of El Salvador)
Head of State: President Salvador Sánchez Cerén (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN) (since 9 Mar 2014) (sworn in 1 Jun 2014)
Head of government: President Salvador Sánchez Cerén (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN) (since 9 Mar 2014) (sworn in 1 Jun 2014)
Ruling party: Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (Arena) (Nationalist Republican Alliance).
Area: 21,400 square km
Population: 6.35 million (2014)*
Capital: San Salvador
Official language: Spanish
Currency: US dollar (US$) (from 1 Jan 2001; previous currency colón locked at C8.75 per US dollar)
Exchange rate: US$8.75 per US$ (Sep 2015)
GDP per capita: US$3,988 (2014)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2014)*
GDP: US$25.33 billion (2014)*
Unemployment: 5.54% (2014)* (plus additional underemployment)
Inflation: 1.14% (2014)*
Balance of trade: -US$5.21 billion (2014)
* estimated figure


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