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For almost exactly 40 years, since 1974, World of Information has traced economic and political developments in all the world's countries and territories.In that period, the demand for readable, reliable and relevant information has increased dramatically. Not only from the world of business and banking, but also from academic and government circles. In terms of current information, the demand for quick information 'fixes' has tended to be met by traditional information sources using conventional print and broadcast media. But the 'fix' - the soundbite, snappy paragraph or arresting image does not always explain, or provide an understanding of why - in any given country - things are the way they are. World of Information aims to provide that understanding, a reflective picture of the events of the events, trends and developments of the previous year.

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Puerto Rico

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Key Facts
Official name: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of Puerto Rico)
Head of State: US President Barack Obama
Head of government: Governor Alejandro Javier Garcia Padilla (PPD) (from 2 Jan 2013)
Ruling party: Partido Popular Democrático (PPD) (Popular Democratic Party) (from 2 Jan 2013)
Area: 8,897 square km (Puerto Rico comprises the main island plus two smaller islands (Vieques and Culebra) and numerous smaller islets.)
Population: 3.71 million (2011); (3,725,789; 2010, census figure)
Capital: San Juan
Official language: Spanish, English
Currency: US dollar (US$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: US$1.00 per US$ (fixed rate)
GDP per capita: US$17,687 (2011)*
GDP real growth: -1.70% (2011)*
GDP: US$65.40 billion (2011)*
Unemployment: 1340.00% (2009)*
Inflation: 3.60% (2011)*
Balance of trade: US$20.16 billion (2009)*
* estimated figure

Poland

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Key Facts
Official name: Rzeczpospolita Polska (Republic of Poland)
Head of State: President Bronislaw Komorowski (took office 6 Aug 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Donald Tusk (PO) (from 2007: re-elected 9 Oct 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition government led by Platforma Obywatelska (PO) (Civic Platform) (since 2007; re-elected 9 Oct 2011)
Area: 312,683 square km
Population: 38.53 million (2013) (38,501,000; 2011, census figure)
Capital: Warsaw
Official language: Polish
Currency: Zloty (Zl) = 100 groszy
Exchange rate: Zl3.02 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$13,394 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$516.13 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 17.39 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 10.30% (2013)*
Inflation: 0.90% (2013)*
Natural gas production: 4.20 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$6.87 billion (2012)
Annual FDI: US$15.30 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Pakistan

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Key Facts
Official name: Islami Jamhuriya e Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan)
Head of State: President Mamnoon Hussain (from 9 Sep 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif (PML-N) (from 9 Jun 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and 19 Independents (elected 11 May 2013)
Area: 803,943 square km
Population: 182.59 million (2013)*
Capital: Islamabad
Official language: Urdu (national language) and English
Currency: Rupee (Rp) = 100 paisa
Exchange rate: Rp98.66 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,308 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.62% (2013)*
GDP: US$238.74 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 53.78 million (2009)
Unemployment: 6.70% (2013)* (plus additional underemployment)
Inflation: 7.36% (2013)*
Natural gas production: 38.60 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$15.37 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$1.31 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Philippines

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika ng Pilipinas (Republic of the Philippines)
Head of State: Benigno Aquino III (LP) (from 29 Jun 2010)
Head of government: Benigno Aquino III (LP)
Ruling party: Partido Liberal (Liberal Party) (coalition with Kalapian ng mga Kaibigan sa Kaunlaran (KKK) (Friends Of Development – City of Hagonoy) (from 29 Jun 2010)
Area: 300,439 square km (7,107 islands)
Population: 97.48 million (2013)* (92,337,852; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Manila (on Luzon)
Official language: Filipino (based on Tagalog)
Currency: Peso (P) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: P43.31 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$2,790 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.20% (2013)*
GDP: US$272.02 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 40.43 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 7.10% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.90% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$15.21 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$1.87 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Papua New Guinea

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Key Facts
Official name: The Independent State of Papua New Guinea (PNG)
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II; represented by Governor General Sir Michael Ogio (from 25 Feb 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Peter O’Neill (PNC) (from 2011; re-elected 3 Aug 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by the People’s National Congress (PNC) (from 3 Aug 2012)
Area: 462,840 square km
Population: 7.00 million (2013)*
Capital: Port Moresby
Official language: English, Tok Pisin, Motu
Currency: Kina (K) = 100 toea
Exchange rate: K2.43 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$2,283 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.58% (2013)*
GDP: US$15.97 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 3.76% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$1.13 billion (2012)*
Foreign debt: US$1.26 billion (2012)
Annual FDI: -US$309.20 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Peru

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Key Facts
Official name: República Peruana (Peruvian Republic)
Head of State: President Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso (from 28 Jul 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Juan Jiménez Mayor (from 23 Jul 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Gana Perú (Win Peru) (from 28 Jul 2011)
Area: 1,285,216 square km
Population: 30.95 million (2013)*
Capital: Lima
Official language: Spanish, Quechua and Aymara
Currency: Nuevo sol (S/) = 100 centimos
Exchange rate: S/2.79 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$6,674 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$206.54 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 4.70 billion (2010)
Unemployment: 7.50% (2013)* (plus additional underemployment)
Inflation: 2.80% (2013)*
Oil production: 104,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 12.20 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$10.00 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$8.23 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Panama

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Panamá (Republic of Panama)
Head of State: President Ricardo Alberto Martinelli Berrocal (CD) (took office 1 Jul 2009)
Head of government: President Ricardo Martinelli (CD)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Cambio Democrático (CD) (Democratic Change), supported by Partido Unión Patriotica (PUP) (Patriotic Union Party), Partido Panameñista (PP) (Panameñista Party), Movimiento Liberal Republicano Nacionalista (Molirena) (Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement) (from May 2009)
Area: 77,082 square km
Population: 3.72 million (2012)* (3,405,813; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Panama City
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Balboa (B and US$) and US dollar = 100 cents
Exchange rate: B and US$1.00 per US$ (fixed peg)
GDP per capita: US$10,389 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 8.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$40.33 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 1.65 million (2010)
Unemployment: 4.50% (2013)*
Inflation: 4.03% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$5.74 billion (2012)
Annual FDI: US$3.26 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Oman

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Key Facts
Official name: Sultanatu Oman (Saltanat Uman) (Sultanate of Oman)
Head of State: Sultan Qaboos bin Said (from 1970)
Head of government: Sultan Qaboos bin Said (from 1970)
Ruling party: Political parties are not permitted.
Area: 320,000 square km (including Kuria Muria Islands)
Population: 3.19 million (2013)*
Capital: Muscat (Masqat)
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Omani rial (RO) = 1,000 baiza
Exchange rate: RO0.39 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$25,289 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.07% (2013)*
GDP: US$80.57 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 1.25% (2013)*
Oil production: 942,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 30.90 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$26.51 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$788.04 million (2011)
* estimated figure

New Zealand

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Key Facts
Official name: The Dominion of New Zealand
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor General Sir Jeremiah (Jerry) Mateparae (from 31 Aug 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister John Key (Nationals) (from 2008; re-elected 26 Nov 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition led by the National Party, with ACT New Zealand (ACT) and United Future (UF) (from 2008; re-elected 26 Nov 2011)
Area: 268,676 square km: North Island (115,690 square km); South Island (152,356 square km)
Population: 4.48 million (2013)*
Capital: Wellington
Official language: English, Mäori
Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZ$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: NZ$1.14 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$40,481 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.37% (2013)*
GDP: US$181.33 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 2.37 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 6.12% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.13% (2013)*
Natural gas production: 4.30 billion (2011)
Balance of trade: US$824.20 million (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$3.58 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Nepal

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Key Facts
Official name: Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal (Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal)
Head of State: President Ram Baran Yadav (Nepal Congress Party) (from 23 Jul 2008)
Head of government: Prime Minister Sushil Koirala (elected 10 Feb 2014)
Ruling party: Nepal Congress Party (non-consensual government)
Area: 147,181 square km
Population: 27.92 million (2013)* (26,620,809; 2011, census figure)
Capital: Kathmandu
Official language: Nepali (Devnagari script)
Currency: Rupee (NRs) = 100 paisa (the NRs is pegged to the Indian rupee – NRs 160 = Rs100) (Notes with the King's image became illegal tender on 17 March 2011)
Exchange rate: NRs95.66 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$693 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.65% (2013)*
GDP: US$19.34 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 18.00 million (2009)*
Inflation: 9.86% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$4.95 billion (2012)
Annual FDI: US$94.02 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Norway

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Key Facts
Official name: Kongeriket Norge (Kingdom of Norway)
Head of State: King Harald V (since 17 Jan 1991)
Head of government: Prime Minister Erna Solberg (Høyre) (from 9 Sep 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition lead by Høyre (Right) and including Fremskrittspartiet (FrP) (Progress Party), Kristelig Folkeparti (KrF) (Christian Democrats) and the Venstre (V) (Liberal Party) (from 9 Sep 2013)
Area: 323,985 square km
Population: 5.10 million (2013)
Capital: Oslo
Official language: Norwegian
Currency: Norwegian krone (Nkr) = 100 ore
Exchange rate: Nkr6.15 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$100,318 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 0.76% (2013)*
GDP: US$511.25 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 2.69 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 3.50% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.13% (2013)*
Oil production: 1.84 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 108.70 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$76.95 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: -US$796.10 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Netherlands

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Key Facts
Official name: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden (The Kingdom of The Netherlands)
Head of State: King Willem-Alexander (crowned 30 April 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mark Rutte (VVD) (from 2010; re-elected 12 Sep 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition, led by Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD) (People's Party for Freedom and Democracy) with Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA) (Labour Party) (from 2010; re-elected Sep 2012)
Area: 41,473 square km
Population: 16.80 million (2013)*
Capital: The Hague (seat of government); Amsterdam (legal and cultural)
Official language: Dutch and Frisian
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency guilder, locked at f2.20 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$47,634 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$800.01 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 7.91 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 7.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 3.00% (2013)*
Natural gas production: 68.70 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$61.02 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$15.60 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Nicaragua

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Nicaragua (Republic of Nicaragua)
Head of State: President Enrique Daniel Ortega Saavedra (from 2007; re-elected 6 Nov 2011)
Head of government: President Daniel Ortega (FSLN) (from 2007; re-elected 6 Nov 2011)
Ruling party: Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN) (Sandinista National Liberation Front) (from 2007; re-elected 6 Nov 2011)
Area: 147,950 square km
Population: 6.13 million (2013)*
Capital: Managua
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Córdoba de oro (gold córdoba) (C) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: C25.98 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,840 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.20% (2013)*
GDP: US$11.27 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 6.16% (2013)*
Inflation: 7.40% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.29 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$967.90 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Nigeria

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Key Facts
Official name: Federal Republic of Nigeria
Head of State: President Goodluck Jonathan (from 2010; re-elected 16 Apr 2011)
Head of government: President Goodluck Jonathan (from 2010; re-elected 16 Apr 2011)
Ruling party: People's Democratic Party (PDP) (since 1999; re-elected 9 Apr 2011)
Area: 923,768 square km
Population: 169.28 million (2013)*
Capital: Abuja – federal capital since 1991; Lagos – commercial capital.
Official language: English
Currency: Naira (N) = 100 kobo
Exchange rate: N162.45 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,692 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.26% (2013)*
GDP: US$286.47 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 8.48% (2013)*
Oil production: 2.32 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 36.10 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$42.14 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$8.84 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Niger

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Key Facts
Official name: République du Niger (Republic of Niger)
Head of State: President Mahamadou Issoufou (from 7 Apr 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Brigi Rafini (from 7 Apr 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Parti Nigerien pour la Démocratie et le Socialisme (PNDS) (Niger Party for Democracy and Socialism) and independents (from 7 April 2011)
Area: 1,267,000 square km
Population: 16.60 million (2013)*
Capital: Niamey
Official language: French; Hausa is the major lingua franca especially for trade
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc). New notes have been issued; old notes cease to be legal tender from Jan 2005.
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$443 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.55% (2013)*
GDP: US$7.36 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 2.29% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$811.50 million (2010)*
Annual FDI: US$1.01 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

New Caledonia

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Key Facts
Official name: Nouvelle Calédonie (New Caledonia)
Head of State: President of France François Hollande (PS) (from 15 May 2012), represented by High Commissioner Yves Dassonville (from 9 Nov 2007)
Head of government: President of the Congress of New Caledonia, Harold Martin (from 10 Jun 2011)
Ruling party: Grand Coalition (government post are allocated in proportion to electoral victory and support of head of government) Le Rassemblement-UMP (The Rally-UMP) (from 2007; re-elected 10 May 2009)
Area: 18,575 square km – Grande Terre island: 16,600 square km
Population: 264,022 (July 2013)*
Capital: Nouméa (on Grande Terre)
Official language: French
Currency: Comptoirs Français du Pacifique franc (CFPf) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: CFPf87.27 per US$ (Feb 2014); (pegged CFPf119.25 per euro)
GDP per capita: US$41,646 (2011)*
GDP real growth: 1.90% (2011)*
GDP: US$10.60 billion (2011)*
Inflation: 2.40% (2011)*
* estimated figure

Namibia

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Namibia
Head of State: President Hifikepunye Pohamba (Swapo) (since 2005; re-elected 28 Nov 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Hage Geingob (appointed by the President 4 Dec 2012)
Ruling party: South West African People's Organisation (Swapo) (re-elected 16 Nov 2004)
Area: 824,269 square km
Population: 2.17 million (20123*
Capital: Windhoek
Official language: English
Currency: Namibian dollar (N$) = 100 cents; at par with the South African commercial Rand
Exchange rate: N$10.68 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,667 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.31% (2013)*
GDP: US$12.32 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 6.17% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.21 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$968.87 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Mozambique

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Moçambique (Republic of Mozambique)
Head of State: President Armando Guebuza (Frelimo) (from 2005; re-elected 28 Oct 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Alberto Vaquina (from 8 Oct 2012)
Ruling party: Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Frelimo) (Front for the Liberation of Mozambique) (since 1975; re-elected 28 Oct 2009)
Area: 799,380 square km
Population: 25.86 million (2013)*
Capital: Maputo
Official language: Portuguese
Currency: Metical (MT) = 100 centavos (New notes were issued in 2006 as part of a reform of the currency, which dropped three zeros).
Exchange rate: MT31.27 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$593 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.15% (2013)*
GDP: US$15.33 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 4.21% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.70 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$2.08 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Malaysia

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Key Facts
Official name: Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia (Federation of Malaysia)
Head of State: Yang di Pertuan Agong (traditional ruler) Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah ibni al Marhum Sultan Badlishah (from 13 Dec 2011)
Head of government: Datuk Sri Mohamed Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak (UNMO) (appointed 3 Apr 2009)
Ruling party: Barisan Nasional (BN) (National Front) multi-racial coalition of 13 parties, led by Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu (United Malays National Organisation) (UMNO) (re-elected 5 May 2013)
Area: 330,434 square km
Population: 29.62 million (2013) (28,334,135; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya (administrative capital)
Official language: Bahasa Malaysia
Currency: Ringgit (also known as Malaysian dollar) (M$) = 100 sen
Exchange rate: M$3.17 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$10,548 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.69% (2013)*
GDP: US$312.43 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 12.90 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 3.10% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.10% (2013)*
Oil production: 657,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 69.10 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$48.41 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$10.80 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Mexico

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Key Facts
Official name: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States)
Head of State: President Enrique Peña Neito (PRI) (elected 1 July, inaugurated 1 Dec 2012)
Head of government: President Enrique Peña Neito (PRI) (from 1 Dec 2012)
Ruling party: Pacto por Mexico (Pact for Mexico) led by Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) (Institutional Revolutionary Party) and including the Partido Acción Nacional (PAN) (National Action Party) and the Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD) (Democratic Revolutionary Party) (from 2 Dec 2012)
Area: 1,958,201 square km
Population: 118.40 million (2013) (112,336,538; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Mexico City (DF)
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Mexican peso (Mex$) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: Mex$12.98 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$10,630 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.06% (2013)*
GDP: US$1,258.54 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 46.20 million (2009)
Unemployment: 4.92% (2013)* (plus additional underemployment)
Inflation: 3.80% (2013)*
Oil production: 2.88 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 56.60 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$350.00 million (2012)
Annual FDI: US$20.36 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Malawi

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Key Facts
Official name: Dziko la Malawi (Republic of Malawi)
Head of State: President Peter Mutharika (Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)) (from 30 May 2014)
Head of government: President Peter Mutharika (DPP) (from 30 May 2014)
Ruling party: A coalition led by United Democratic Front (UDF) with the Mgwirizano (Unity) coalition, National Democratic Alliance (NDA), Alliance for Democracy (AFORD) and 38 non-partisan parliamentary members (elected 2004; re-elected 19 May 2009)
Area: 118,484 square km
Population: 17.11 million (2013)
Capital: Lilongwe
Official language: English
Currency: Kwacha (K) = 100 tambala
Exchange rate: K395.78 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$223 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.97% (2013)*
GDP: US$3.81 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 27.70% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$764.70 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Mauritania

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Key Facts
Official name: République Islamique Arabe et Africaine de Mauritanie (Islamic Republic of Mauritania)
Head of State: President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (from 5 Aug 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf (appointed 14 Aug 2008)
Ruling party: All members of parliament are independents
Area: 1,030,700 square km
Population: 3.71 million (2013)*
Capital: Nouakchott
Official language: Hassani Arabic and Wolof
Currency: Ouguiya (UM) = 5 khoums
Exchange rate: UM292.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,127 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.66% (2013)*
GDP: US$4.19 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 4.13% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$270.50 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Mongolia

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Key Facts
Official name: Mongol Uls (The State of Mongolia)
Head of State: President Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj (since 18 Jun 2009, re-elected 26 Jun 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Norov Altankhuyag (DP) (from 10 Aug 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Ardchilsan Nam (Democratic Party) (DP) with Shudarga Yos Evsel (Justice Coalition) (JC) and Irgenii Zorig-Nogoon Nam (Civil Will-Green Party) (CWGP) (from 10 Aug 2012)
Area: 1,565,000 square km
Population: 2.90 million (2013)*
Capital: Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator) (formerly Urga)
Official language: Khalkha Mongolian
Currency: Tugrik (Tug)
Exchange rate: Tug1,831.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,972 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 11.70% (2013)*
GDP: US$11.52 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 10.40% (2013)*
Inflation: 9.63% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.55 billion (2012)*
Aid flow: US$700.00 million (2009)
Annual FDI: US$4.71 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Myanmar

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Key Facts
Official name: Myanmar Naingngandaw (The Union of Myanmar)
Head of State: President Thein Sein (from 4 Feb 2011)
Head of government: President Thein Sein
Ruling party: Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) (from 7 Nov 2010)
Area: 676,552 square km
Population: 64.93 million (2013)*
Capital: Naypyidaw (Abode of Kings) (from 2005)
Official language: Myanmar (Burmese)
Currency: Kyat (Kt) = 100 pyas; from 2 April 2012 the kyat became a managed floating currency starting at K818 per US dollar.
Exchange rate: Kt970.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$869 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$56.41 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 4.02% (2013)*
Inflation: 5.82% (2013)*
Natural gas production: 13.10 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$2.25 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$1.00 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Mali

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Official name: République du Mali (Republic of Mali)
Head of State: Interim President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (from 11 Aug 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister: Moussa Mara (from 7 Apr 2014)
Ruling party: Comité National pour le Redressement de la Dé mocratie et la Restauration de l’Etat (CNRDR) (National Committee for the Return of Democracy and the Restoration of the State) (military junta) (from 22 Mar 2012)
Area: 1,241,238 square km
Population: 16.34 million (2012)*
Capital: Bamako
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc).
Exchange rate: CFAf495.02 per US$ (Jul 2013); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$631 (2012)*
GDP real growth: -1.19% (2012)*
GDP: US$10.32 billion (2012)*
Inflation: 5.32% (2012)*
Balance of trade: -US$664.60 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Macedonia

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika Makedonija (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) (FYROM)
Head of State: President Gjorgje Ivanov (VMRO–DPMNE) (from 12 May 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski (from 2006; re-elected 5 Jun 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition, led by Vnatrešno-Makedonska Revoluciona Organizacija-Demokratska Partija za Makedonsko Nacionalno Edintsvo (VMRO-DPMNE) (Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity) (from 2006; re-elected 5 Jun 2011)
Area: 25,713 square km
Population: 2.07 million (2013)*
Capital: Skopje
Official language: Macedonian and Albanian.
Currency: Macedonian denar (Md) = 100 deni
Exchange rate: Md45.31 per US$ (Jul 2014); (pegged to the euro; trades around Md60 per euro)
GDP per capita: US$4,944 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.10% (2013)*
GDP: US$10.24 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 948,000 (2012)*
Unemployment: 30.02% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.79% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.62 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Madagascar

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Key Facts
Official name: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara (Republic of Madagascar)
Head of State: President Andry Rajoelina (The High Transitional Authority) (from 17 Mar 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jean Omer Beriziky (from 2 Nov 2011)
Ruling party: The High Transitional Authority (provisional executive body of appointed members and dominated by Tanora malaGasy Vonona (TGV) (Young Malagasies Determined) (from Mar 2009)
Area: 592,000 square km (the world's fourth-largest island)
Population: 22.97 million (2013)*
Capital: Antananarivo
Official language: Malagasy, French, English (from 2007)
Currency: Ariary (MGA) = 5 iraimbilanja
Exchange rate: MGA2,452.50 per US$ (Feb 2014)
GDP per capita: US$488 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.36% (2013)*
GDP: US$11.21 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 5.83% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.30 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Montenegro

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika Crna Gora (Republic of Montenegro) (ROM)
Head of State: President Filip Vujanovic (from 2002, re-elected 6 Apr 2008 and 7 Apr 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Milo Ðukanovic (KECG) (from 9 Nov 2012)
Ruling party: Koalicija za Evropsku Crnu Goru (KECG) (Coalition for European Montenegro, comprising Demokratska Partija Socijalista (DPS) (Democratic Party of Socialists), Socijaldemokratska Partija (SDP) (Social Democratic Party) and Lberalna Partija Crne Gore (LPCG) (Liberal Party of Montenegro) (from 2006; re-elected 2012)
Area: 14,026 square km
Population: 623,000 (2013)* (620,029; 2011, census figure (preliminary)
Capital: Podgorica (administrative); Cetinje (cultural)
Official language: Montenegro Serbian (Lekavian dialect)
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency Deutsche mark, locked at DM1.96 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$7,026 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 335.30% (2013)*
GDP: US$4.38 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 194,000 (2010)
Unemployment: 17.20% (2011)*
Inflation: 2.19% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.77 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$558.05 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Moldova

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Official name: Republica Moldoveneasca (Republic of Moldova)
Head of State: President Nicolae Timofti (from 16 Mar 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Vladimir (Vlad) Filat (PLDM) (from 2009; re-appointed 31 Dec 2010)
Ruling party: Coalition: Alliance for European Integration (AEI), led by Liberal Democrat din Moldova (PLDM) (Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova), with Partidul Democrat din Moldova (PDM) (Democratic Party of Moldova) and Partidul Liberal (PL) (Liberal Party) (from 2009; re-elected 28 Nov 2010)
Area: 33,700 square km
Population: 3.56 million (2012)
Capital: Chisinau (Kishinev)
Official language: Moldovan (in latin script)
Currency: Leu (L) = 100 bani
Exchange rate: L12.70 per US$ (Jul 2013)
GDP per capita: US$2,037 (2012)*
GDP real growth: -0.82% (2012)*
GDP: US$7.25 billion (2012)*
Labour force: 1.14 million (2011)
Unemployment: 5.50% (2012)*
Inflation: 4.66% (2012)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.97 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Morocco

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Key Facts
Official name: Al Mamlaka al Maghrebia (The Kingdom of Morocco)
Head of State: King Mohammed VI (since 1999)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane (appointed 29 Nov 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition, led by Parti de la Justice et du Développement (PJD) (Hizb al Adala wa at Tanmia) (Justice and Development Party) with Parti du Progrès et du Socialisme (PPS) (Party of Progress and Socialism) and Mouvement Populaire (MP) (Popular Movement) (from 3 Jan 2012)
Area: 711,000 square km
Population: 32.85 million (2013)*
Capital: Rabat (official, diplomatic) Casablanca (commercial centre)
Official language: Arabic and Amazigh (the Berber language)
Currency: Dirham (Dh) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: Dh8.23 per US$ (Jul 2014); (roughly pegged at Dh10 per euro, which circulates widely)
GDP per capita: US$3,199 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.54% (2013)*
GDP: US$105.10 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 11.53 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 9.24% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.88% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$21.89 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$2.52 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Libya

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Key Facts
Official name: Libiya (Libya)
Head of State: President of the (Interim) National Assembly, Mohamed Megarief (National Front for the Salvation of Libya) (from 10 Aug 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni (sworn in 8 Apr 2014) (resigned 13 Apr but agreed to continue as Caretaker Prime Minister)
Ruling party: The National Forces Alliance Party won the most votes in the election for the 80 party list seats.
Area: 1,775,500 square km
Population: 6.12 million (2013)*
Capital: Tripoli
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Libyan dinar (LD) = 1,000 dirhams
Exchange rate: LD1.20 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$11,046 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -9.39% (2013)*
GDP: US$67.62 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 2.56% (2013)*
Oil production: 988,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 12.00 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$1.79 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$1.80 billion (2010)
* estimated figure

Latvia

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Key Facts
Official name: Latvijas Republika (Republic of Latvia)
Head of State: President Andris Berzinš (from 8 Jul 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis (from 2009; re-elected 27 Oct 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition of Vienotiba (Unity) (coalition of three parties) with Zatlera Reformu Partija (ZRP) (Zatlers’ Reform Party) and Nacionala Apvieniba (NA) (National Alliance) (coalition of two parties) (from 27 Oct 2011)
Area: 64,589 square km
Population: 2.04 million (2013) (2,070,371; 2011; census figure)
Capital: Riga
Official language: Lettish
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ ( (Jul 2014) (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$15,205 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.11% (2013)*
GDP: US$30.95 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 1.05 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 11.87% (2013)*
Inflation: 4.11% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.92 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Luxembourg

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Key Facts
Official name: Groussherzogtom Lëtzebuerg, Grossherzogtum Luxemburg, Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg)
Head of State: Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg (acceeded Oct 2000)
Head of government: Prime Minister Xavier Bettel (DP) (named by Grand Duke Henri on 25 Oct 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Demokratesch Partei (DP) (Democratic Party) and the Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Arbechterpartei (LSAP) (Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party) with Die Grünen (the Greens) (elected 20 Oct 2013).
Area: 2,586 square km
Population: 542,000 (2013)*
Capital: Luxembourg-Ville
Official language: Lëtzebuergish (Luxembourgish); French and German are the administrative languages.
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency Luxembourg franc, locked at Lf40.34 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Feb 2014)
GDP per capita: US$110,424 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.96% (2013)*
GDP: US$59.84 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 370,500 (2011)*
Unemployment: 6.83% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.70% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$7.84 billion (2012)
* estimated figure

Lithuania

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Key Facts
Official name: Lietuvos Respublika (Republic of Lithuania)
Head of State: President Dalia Grybauskaité (from 12 Jul 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Algirdas Butkevicius (from 22 Nov 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Lietuvos Socialdemokratu Partija (LSDP) (Social Democratic Party of Lithuania), with Darbo Partija (DP) (Labour Party), Tvarka ir Teisingumas (TT) (Order and Justice) and Lietuvos Lenku Rinkimu Akcija (LLRA) (Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania) (from 22 Nov 2012)
Area: 65,200 square km
Population: 2.97 million (2013)*
Capital: Vilnius
Official language: Lithuanian
Currency: Litas (plural Litai) (Lt) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Lt2.53 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$16,003 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.25% (2013)*
GDP: US$47.56 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 1.46 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 11.77% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.16% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.67 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Lesotho

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Key Facts
Official name: Kingdom of Lesotho
Head of State: King Letsie III (since 7 Feb 1996)
Head of government: Prime Minister Tom Thabane (ABC) (from 8 June 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by All Basotho Convention (ABC), with Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD), Basotho National Party (BNP) (from 8 June 2012)
Area: 30,355 square km
Population: 1.91 million (2013)*
Capital: Maseru
Official language: Sesotho and English
Currency: Loti (maloti, plural) (L) = 100 lisente; has parity with the South African rand, which is legal tender.
Exchange rate: L10.68 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,194 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.78% (2013)*
GDP: US$2.28 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 5.31% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$983.20 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Liberia

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Liberia
Head of State: President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (from 2005; re-elected 8 Nov 2011)
Head of government: President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf
Ruling party: Coalition led by the Unity Party (UP) (re-elected 11 Oct 2011)
Area: 111,370 square km
Population: 4.08 million (2013)*
Capital: Monrovia
Official language: English
Currency: Liberian dollar (L$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: L$90.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$474 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.97% (2013)*
GDP: US$1.93 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 7.60% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.42 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$1.31 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Sri Lanka

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Key Facts
Official name: Sri Lanka Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya / Llankais Sananayaka socialisak kutiyarasa / Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Head of State: President Mahinda Rajapaksa (UPFA) (since 2005; re-elected 26 Jan 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Disanayaka Mudiyanselage Jayaratne (from 21 Apr 2010)
Ruling party: Coalition government led by United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA) (elected 2004; re-elected 21 Apr 2010)
Area: 65,610 square km
Population: 20.82 million (2013)*
Capital: Colombo (official capital); many governmental functions are centred in Sri Jayawardenepura, a suburb of Colombo.
Official language: Sinhala, Tamil, English
Currency: Rupee (Rs) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Rs130.22 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,162 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$65.83 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 7.57 million (2009)
Unemployment: 4.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 7.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$7.68 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$955.92 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Lebanon

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Key Facts
Official name: Jumhouriya al Lubnaniya (Republic of Lebanon)
Head of State: President Michel Suleiman (from 25 May 2008)
Head of government: Care-taker Prime Minister Najib Mikati (Prime Minister designate Tamam Salam (nominated 6 Apr 2013))
Ruling party: By October 2013 Tamam Salam had still to form a government
Area: 10,452 square km
Population: 2.04 million (2013)*
Capital: Beirut
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Lebanese pound (LL) = 100 piastres
Exchange rate: LL1,513.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$9,920 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$44.32 billion (20123*
Inflation: 3.16% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$13.92 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Laos

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Key Facts
Official name: Saathiaranarath Prachhathipatay Prachhachhon Lao (Lao People's Democratic Republic)
Head of State: President Choummaly Sayasone (since Jun 2006; re-elected 15 Jun 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong (from 23 Dec 2010; re-elected 15 Jun 2011)
Ruling party: Phak Paxaxôn Pativat Lao (Lao People's Revolutionary Party) (LPRP) (since 1975; re-elected 30 April 2011)
Area: 236,800 square km
Population: 6.77 million (2013)*
Capital: Vientiane
Official language: Lao (English is the business language of the Lao government)
Currency: New kip (Nk) = 100 at
Exchange rate: Nk8,015.00 per US$ (Jul2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,477 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 8.20% (2013)*
GDP: US$10.00 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 6.40% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$568.90 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Kazakhstan

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Key Facts
Official name: Kazakstan Respublikasy (Republic of Kazakhstan)
Head of State: President Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev (Nur Otan) (from 1990; re-elected 3 Apr 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Serik Nyghmetuly Akhmetov (appointed 24 Sep 2012)
Ruling party: Nur Otan (National Democratic Party) (NDC) (since 1999; re-elected 15 Jan 2012)
Area: 2,717,300 square km
Population: 17.16 million (2013)*
Capital: Astana (seat of government) (renamed 1998; formerly called Akmola; inaugurated as the new capital 1997); Almaty (formerly Alma Ata, commercial capital)
Official language: Kazakh
Currency: Tenge (T) = 100 tein (introduced Nov 1993)
Exchange rate: T183.56 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$12,843 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.95% (2013)*
GDP: US$220.35 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 8.12 million (2010)
Unemployment: 5.20% (2013)*
Inflation: 5.83% (2013)*
Oil production: 1.78 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 18.50 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$11.83 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Kuwait

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Key Facts
Official name: State of Kuwait
Head of State: Sheikh Sabah al Ahmed al Jabir al Sabah (since 25 Jan 2006)
Head of government: Caretaker Prime Minister Jabir Mubarak al Hamad al Sabah (from 4 Dec 2011, re-appointed 5 Dec 2013)
Ruling party: 15-member Council of Ministers
Area: 17,818 square km (including neutral zone)
Population: 3.89 million (2013)*
Capital: Kuwait City
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Kuwaiti dinar (KD) = 1,000 fils
Exchange rate: KD0.28 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$47,639 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 0.82% (2013)*
GDP: US$185.32 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 2.07% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.71% (2013)*
Oil production: 3.13 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 15.60 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$96.81 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

South Korea

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Key Facts
Official name: South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI)
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor Nigel Robert Haywood (resides in Falkland Islands) (from 16 Oct 2010)
Head of government: Commissioner Howard J S Pearce (resides in Falkland Islands)
Area: 3,755 square km
Population: 20 (2004) (British Antarctic Survey (BAS) scientists)
Capital: King Edward Point (administrative centre)
Official language: English
Currency: Falkland Islands pound or pound sterling (FI£ or £) = 100 pence
Exchange rate: FI£ or £0.60 per US$ (Feb 2014); (pegged to pound sterling)

North Korea

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Key Facts
Official name: Norfolk Island
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II of Australia; represented by Administrator (appointed by Governor General of Australia) Owen Edward John Walsh (from Oct 2008)
Head of government: Chief Minister André Nobbs (from Mar 2007)
Ruling party: None, legislative assembly members sit as independents
Area: 35 square km
Population: 2,196 (July 2013)* (2011; census figure)
Capital: Kingston
Official language: English
Currency: Australian dollar (A$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: A$1.14 per US$ (Feb 2014)
Visitor numbers: 40,000 (annually)
* estimated figure

Cambodia

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Key Facts
Official name: Preah Réachéanachâkr Kâmpuchéa (The Kingdom of Cambodia)
Head of State: King Norodom Sihamoni (crowned 2004)
Head of government: Prime Minister Hun Sen (KPK) (since 1985; re-elected Jul 2013)
Ruling party: Kanakpak Pracheachon Kâmpuchéa (KPK) (Cambodian People's Party) (re-elected 28 Jul 2013)
Area: 181,035 square km
Population: 15.41 million (2013)*
Capital: Phnom Penh
Official language: Khmer
Currency: Riel (R) = 100 sen
Exchange rate: R4,020.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,016 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$15.66 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 8.80 million (2010)
Inflation: 2.95% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$1.95 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Kyrgyzstan

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Key Facts
Official name: Kyrgyz Respublikasy (Kyrgyz Republic)
Head of State: President Almazbek Sharshenovich Atembayev (SDPK) (took office 1 Dec 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Zhantoro Satybaldiyev (from 1 Sep 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Sotsial-Demokraticheskaya Partiya Kyrgyzstana (SDPK) (Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan), with Respublika (Republican Party) and Ata-Zhurt (Fatherland) (from 17 Dec 2010)
Area: 198,500 square km
Population: 5.64 million (2013)*
Capital: Bishkek (formerly Frunze)
Official language: Kyrgyz, Russian
Currency: Som (S) = 100 tyin
Exchange rate: S52.13 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,280 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 10.53% (2013)
GDP: US$7.22 billion (2013)
Labour force: 506,000 (2011)*
Unemployment: 7.65% (2013)*
Inflation: 6.61% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$3.05 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$391.00 million (2011)*
* estimated figure

Kenya

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Key Facts
Official name: Jamhuri ya Kenya (Republic of Kenya)
Head of State: President Uhuru Kenyatta (elected 4 Mar 2013)
Head of government: President Uhuru Kenyatta (elected 4 Mar 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by The National Alliance (TNA) and including the United Republican Party (URP) and National Alliance of Rainbow Coalition (NARC) (elected 4 Mar 2013)
Area: 582,646 square km
Population: 44.53 million (2013)
Capital: Nairobi
Official language: KiSwahili and English
Currency: Kenyan shilling (Ksh) = 100 cents (convertible with currencies of Tanzania and Uganda)
Exchange rate: Ksh87.75 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,017 (2013)
GDP real growth: 5.56% (2013)
GDP: US$45.08 billion (2013)
Inflation: 5.70% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$8.37 billion (2011)

Japan

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Key Facts
Official name: Nippon or Nihon (Japan)
Head of State: Emperor Tsegu no Miya Akihito (since 1989)
Head of government: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (LDP) (from 16 Dec 2012)
Ruling party: Liberal Democratic Party-New Komeito Party (LDP-NKP coalition) from 16 Dec 2012)
Area: 377,728 square km (3,900 small islands)
Population: 127.34 million (2013)
Capital: Tokyo
Official language: Japanese
Currency: Yen (¥)
Exchange rate: ¥101.69 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$38,491 (2013)
GDP real growth: 1.54% (2013)
GDP: US$4,901.53 billion (2013)
Labour force: 65.45 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 4.00% (2013)
Inflation: 0.40% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$5.35 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Jordan

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Key Facts
Official name: Al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashemiya (The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan)
Head of State: King Abdullah II (crowned 1999)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour (from 10 Oct 2012, reappointed Jan 2013)
Ruling party: National Constitutional Party (NCP) (pro-monarchy coalition formed from a union of independent members of parliament and nine centrist parties)
Area: 91,860 square km
Population: 6.54 million (2013)*
Capital: Amman
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Jordanian dinar (JD) = 1,000 fils
Exchange rate: JD0.71 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,174 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.25% (2013)
GDP: US$33.86 billion (2013)
Unemployment: 12.20% (2013)
Inflation: 5.46% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$10.54 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Jamaica

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Key Facts
Official name: Jamaica
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952); represented by Governor General Patrick Allen (from 26 Feb 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller (from 5 Jan 2012)
Ruling party: People's National Party (PNP) (from 5 Jan 2012)
Area: 10,989 square km
Population: 2.78 million (2013)*
Capital: Kingston
Official language: English
Currency: Jamaican dollar (J$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: J$112.28 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,134 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 0.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$14.29 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 1.25 million (2010)
Unemployment: 14.90% (2013)*
Inflation: 9.40% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$4.16 billion (2012)
* estimated figure

Italy

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Key Facts
Official name: Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic)
Head of State: President Giorgio Napolitano (elected May 2006, re-elected 20 Apr 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Enrico Letta (from Feb 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by the Italia. Bene Comune (IBC) (Italy. Common Good) alliance (including the Partito Democratico (PD) (Democratic Party)), the Coalizione del Centrodestra (Centre-right Coalition) (including the Il Popolo della Libertà (the People of Freedom)) and Con Monti per l'Italia (CMI) (With Monti for Italy) (including Scelta Civica (Civic Choice)) (from Feb 2013).
Area: 301,277 square km
Population: 59.69 million (2013)*
Capital: Rome
Official language: Italian
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency lira, locked at L1,936.27 per euro) (Campione d'Italia, an Italian enclave near Lake Lugano in Switzerland, uses the Swiss franc, although the euro also circulates)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$34,715 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$2,071.95 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 25.79 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 12.20% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.30% (2013)*
Oil production: 116,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 7.10 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$25.40 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Iceland

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Key Facts
Official name: Lyoveldio Island (Republic of Iceland)
Head of State: President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (Independent) (from 1996; re-elected 30 Jun 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson (FSF) (elected 27 Apr 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition of Sjálfstæðisflokkurinn (SSF) (Independence Party) and Framsóknarflokkurinn (FSF) (Progressive Party) (elected 27 Apr 2013)
Area: 103,100 square km
Population: 322,000 (2013)
Capital: Reykjavík
Official language: Icelandic
Currency: Icelandic krona (Ikr) = 100 aurar
Exchange rate: Ikr113.83 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$45,536 (2013)
GDP real growth: 2.90% (2013)
GDP: US$14.66 billion (2013)
Labour force: 181,000 (2010)
Unemployment: 4.40% (2013)
Inflation: 3.90% (2013)
Balance of trade: US$605.40 million (2012)

Iran

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Key Facts
Official name: Jomhoori e Islami e Iran (Islamic Republic of Iran)
Head of State: Supreme Leader, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei (from 4 June 1989)
Head of government: President Hassan Rouhani (from 3 August 2013)
Ruling party: Conservatives (coalition of five political parties led by United Front of Conservatives (UFC)) (from 2004; re-elected 2 Mar 2012)
Area: 1,648,195 square km
Population: 77.10 million (2013)
Capital: Tehran
Official language: Farsi (Persian)
Currency: Rial (IR) 10 rials = 1 toman
Exchange rate: IR25,840.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$4,751 (2013)
GDP real growth: -1.70% (2013)
GDP: US$366.26 billion (2013)
Unemployment: 12.90% (2013)
Inflation: 35.20% (2013)
Oil production: 3.56 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 166.60 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$55.65 billion (2011)

Iraq

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Key Facts
Official name: Al Jumhouriya al Iraqia (The Republic of Iraq)
Head of State: President Jalal Talabani (PUK) (from 2005; re-elected 12 Nov 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Nouri al Maliki (Dawa) (from 2006; re-elected 11 Nov 2010)
Ruling party: National Alliance coalition, led by Al Iraqiya (Iraqi National Movement), with I'tilaf Dawlat al Qanon (State of Law Coalition) and Al Ittilaf al Watani al Iraqi (National Iraqi Alliance) (known as Watani List) (from 14 Jun 2010)
Area: 434,924 square km
Population: 34.78 million (2013)
Capital: Baghdad
Official language: Arabic and Kurdish
Currency: New Iraqi dinar (ID) 1,000 fils
Exchange rate: ID1,163.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$6,594 (2013)
GDP real growth: 4.20% (2013)
GDP: US$229.33 billion (2013)
Labour force: 7.54 million (2011)
Unemployment: 27.50% (Average figure, does not include underemployment)
Inflation: 1.90% (2013)
Oil production: 3.14 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 600.00 million cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$39.05 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$1.40 billion (2011)

India

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of India (Bharat Ganarajya from Sanskrit)
Head of State: President Pranab Kumar Mukherjee (Congress) (from 25 Jul 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Narendra Modi (BJP) (from 16 May 2014)
Ruling party: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (from 16 May 2014)
Area: 3,287,590 square km
Population: 1.24 billion (2013)
Capital: New Delhi
Official language: Hindi and English; 15 other languages are recognised for official use in regional areas.
Currency: Rupee (Rs) = 100 paisa
Exchange rate: Rs59.79 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,505 (2013)
GDP real growth: 4.30% (2013)
GDP: US$1,870.65 billion (2013)
Inflation: 9.50% (2013)
Oil production: 894,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 33.70 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$116.41 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$32.19 billion (2011)

Israel

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Key Facts
Official name: Medinat Israel (State of Israel)
Head of State: President Reuven Rivlin (Likud) (sworn in 24 July 2014)
Head of government: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (from 1 Apr 2009, re-elected 22 Jan 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Likud Yisrael Beiteinu and including Hatnuah (The Movement) and others.
Area: 20,700 square km (excluding occupied territories)
Population: 7.87 million (2013)*
Capital: Jerusalem (Israel regards the entire city as its capital although it is not recognised by the UN); Tel Aviv, administrative and diplomatic centre
Official language: Hebrew
Currency: New shekel (NIS) = 100 agorot
Exchange rate: NIS3.43 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$37,035 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.30% (2013)*
GDP: US$291.50 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 3.64 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 6.40% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.50% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$9.34 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Ireland

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Key Facts
Official name: Éire (Ireland)
Head of State: President Michael D Higgins (from 11 Nov 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister (Taoiseach) Enda Kelly (FG) (from 9 Mar 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Fine Gael (FG) (United Ireland Party) with Labour Party (LP) (from 9 Mar 2011)
Area: 70,283 square km
Population: 4.78 million (2013)*
Capital: Dublin
Official language: Irish (Gaelic) and English
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency, punt, locked at IR£0.79 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$45,621 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -0.30% (2013)*
GDP: US$217.88 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 2.14 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 13.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 0.50% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$55.06 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Indonesia

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Key Facts
Official name: Republik Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia)
Head of State: President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (from 2004; re-elected 8 Jul 2009)
Head of government: President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Ruling party: Coalition of 10 political parties led by Partai Golongan Karya (Golkar) (Party of the Functioning Groups), Partai Demokrasi Indonesia-Perjuangan, (PDI-P) (Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle) and Partai Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS) (Posperous Justice Party) (from 1 May 2009)
Area: 1,919,443 square km (17,508 islands)
Population: 247.95 million (2013)*
Capital: Jakarta, on Java
Official language: Bahasa Indonesia
Currency: Rupiah (Rp) = 100 sen
Exchange rate: Rp11,625.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,510 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.80% (2013)
GDP: US$870.27 billion (2013)
Unemployment: 6.30% (2013)
Inflation: 6.40% (2013)
Oil production: 882,000 bpd (2013)*
Natural gas production: 70.40 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$8.68 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Hungary

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Key Facts
Official name: Magyar Köztársaság (Republic of Hungary)
Head of State: President János Áder (from 2 May 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Victor Orbán (Fidesz) (from 29 May 2010)
Ruling party: Fidesz-Magyar Polgári Szövetség (Fidesz) (Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Union) (from 25 Apr 2010)
Area: 93,033 square km
Population: 9.88 million (2013)*
Capital: Budapest
Official language: Hungarian (Magyar)
Currency: Forint (Ft)
Exchange rate: Ft227.21 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$13,405 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.10% (2013)*
GDP: US$132.43 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 4.39 million (2012)
Unemployment: 10.20% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.70% (2013)
Balance of trade: US$2.87 billion (2012)
* estimated figure

Haiti

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Key Facts
Official name: République d'Haiti (Republic of Haiti)
Head of State: President Michel Martelly (from 14 May 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe (from 1 Mar 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Fwon Lespwa (Front for Hope) (formed 7 June 2006)
Area: 27,750 square km
Population: 10.32 million (2013)*
Capital: Port-au-Prince
Official language: French and Creole
Currency: Gourde (G) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: G45.30 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$820 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.30% (2013)
GDP: US$8.46 billion (2013)
Inflation: 6.80% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$1.89 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Croatia

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika Hrvatska (Republic of Croatia)
Head of State: President Ivo Josipovic (SPH) (from 18 Feb 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister-elect Zoran Milanovic (SPH) (from 4 Dec 2011)
Ruling party: Kukuriku coalition, led by Socijaldemokratska Partija Hrvatske (SPH) (Social Democratic Party of Croatia), with Hrvatska Narodna Stranka-Liberalni Demokrati (HNS-LD) (Croatian People’s Party- Liberal Democrats), Istarski Demokratski Sabor (IDS) (Istrian Democratic Assembly) and Hrvatska Stranka Umirovljenika (Croatian Pensioner’s Party) (from 4 Dec 2011)
Area: 56,538 square km
Population: 4.28 million (2013) (4,290,612; 2011; census figure)
Capital: Zagreb
Official language: Croatian
Currency: Kuna (K) = 100 lipas
Exchange rate: K5.58 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$13,562 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$58.06 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 1.71 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 16.50% (2013)
Inflation: 2.20% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$7.86 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Honduras

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Honduras (Republic of Honduras)
Head of State: President Juan Orlando Hernández (Partido Nacional de Honduras (PNH) (National Party of Honduras)) (elected 24 Nov 2013, inaugurated 27 Jan 2014)
Head of government: President Juan Orlando Hernández
Ruling party: Partido Nacional de Honduras (PNH) (National Party of Honduras) (from Jan 2010, re-elected 24 Nov 2013)
Area: 112,088 square km
Population: 8.10 million (2013)*
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Lempira (L) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: L20.97 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$2,323 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$18.81 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 4.40% (2013)*
Inflation: 5.20% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$4.37 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$1.04 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Guyana

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Key Facts
Official name: Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Head of State: President Donald Ramotar (PPP/Civic) (from 3 Dec 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Samuel AA Hinds (since 1997; reappointed 5 Dec 2011)
Ruling party: People's Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/Civic) (from 1997; re-elected 28 Nov 2011)
Area: 214,970 square km
Population: 796,000 (2013)*
Capital: Georgetown
Official language: English
Currency: Guyana dollar (G$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: G$203.21 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,739 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.80% (2013)*
GDP: US$2.97 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 3.50% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$414.90 million (2010)
* estimated figure

Guinea Bissau

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Key Facts
Official name: République de Guinée (Republic of Guinea)
Head of State: President Alpha Condé (RPG) (from 21 Dec 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mohamed Said Fofana (from 24 Dec 2010)
Ruling party: A transitional council has served as a parliament since 2010, pending postponed elections. In the meantime, the President's party, the Rassemblement du Peuple Guinéen (RPG) (People’s Party of Guinea) is the main party.
Area: 245,857 square km
Population: 11.13 million (2013)*
Capital: Conakry
Official language: French
Currency: Guinean franc (Gf)
Exchange rate: Gf7,030.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$565 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$6.28 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 12.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$668.80 million (2011)
Annual FDI: US$896.45 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Guatemala

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Guatemala (Republic of Guatemala)
Head of State: President Otto Pérez Molina (PP) (took office 14 Jan 2012)
Head of government: President Otto Pérez Molina (PP) (from 14 Jan 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Partido Patriota (PP) (Patriotic Party) (from 14 Jan 2012)
Area: 108,890 square km
Population: 15.48 million (2013)*
Capital: Guatemala City
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Quetzal (Q) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: Q7.75 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,513 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$54.38 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 4.30% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$4.96 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Greece

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Key Facts
Official name: I Elliniki Dimokratia (The Hellenic Republic)
Head of State: President Karolos Papoulias (since 2005; re-elected Feb 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Antonis Samaras (ND) (from 20 Jun 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Néa Dimokratía (ND) (New Democracy), with Panellino Sosialistiko Kinima (Pasok) (Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement) and Dimokratiki Aristera (Dimar) (Democratic Left) (from 20 Jun 2012)
Area: 131,957 square km
Population: 11.06 million (2013)*
Capital: Athens
Official language: Greek
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency drachma, locked at Dr340.75 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$21,857 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -3.90% (2013)
GDP: US$241.80 billion (2013)
Labour force: 4.97 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 27.20% (2013)*
Inflation: -0.90% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$25.28 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Equatorial Guinea

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Guinea Ecuatorial (Republic of Equatorial Guinea)
Head of State: President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE) (since 1979; re-elected 2002)
Head of government: Prime Minister Vicente Ehate Tomi (from 21 May 2012)
Ruling party: Partido Democrático de Guinea Ecuatorial (PDGE) (Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea) (from 1993; re-elected 4 May 2008)
Area: 28,051 square km
Population: 757,000 (2013)*
Capital: Malabo
Official language: Spanish and French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$20,572 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -4.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$15.57 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 3.20% (2013)*
Oil production: 311,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$5.94 billion (2010)*
* estimated figure

Guinea

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Key Facts
Official name: République de Guinée (Republic of Guinea)
Head of State: President Alpha Condé (RPG) (from 21 Dec 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mohamed Said Fofana (from 24 Dec 2010)
Ruling party: A transitional council has served as a parliament since 2010, pending postponed elections. In the meantime, the President's party, the Rassemblement du Peuple Guinéen (RPG) (People’s Party of Guinea) is the main party.
Area: 245,857 square km
Population: 11.13 million (2013)*
Capital: Conakry
Official language: French
Currency: Guinean franc (Gf)
Exchange rate: Gf7,030.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$565 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$6.28 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 12.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$668.80 million (2011)
Annual FDI: US$896.45 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Gambia

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Key Facts
Official name: République Gabonaise (Gabonese Republic)
Head of State: President Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba (from 3 Sep 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Raymond Ndong Sima (PDG) (from 27 Feb 2012)
Ruling party: Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG) (Gabonese Democratic Party) (since 1960; re-elected 17 Dec 2011)
Area: 267,667 square km
Population: 1.56 million (2013)*
Capital: Libreville
Official language: English (from Oct 2012)
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.96 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$12,302 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$19.23 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 0.50% (2013)
Oil production: 237,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: US$5.21 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Greenland

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Key Facts
Official name: Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
Head of State: Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, represented by High Commissioner Søren Hald Møller (since 1 Apr 2005)
Head of government: Prime Minister Aleqa Hammond (Siumut) (from 12 Mar 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition lead by Siumut (Forward) with Atassut (Solidarity/Community Spirit) and the new Partii Inuit (Inuit Party) (from 12 Mar 2013)
Area: 2,166,086 square km, of which 410,449 square km is not covered by permanent ice
Population: 56,744 (2011)* (56,452; census figure 2010)
Capital: Nuuk (Godthåb)
Official language: Greenlandic Inuit and Danish
Currency: Danish krone (Kr) = 100 ore
Exchange rate: Kr5.47 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$37,517 (2011)
GDP real growth: -5.40% (2009)
GDP: US$1.27 billion (2009)
Labour force: 28,240 (2009)
Inflation: -19.00% (2009)
* estimated figure

Ghana

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Ghana
Head of State: President John Dramani Mahama (NDC) (from 24 Jul 2012, on death of John Atta Mills; elected 7 Dec 2012, sworn-in 7 Jan 2013)
Head of government: President John Dramani Mahama (NDC) (elected 7 Dec 2012, inaugurated 7 Jan 2013)
Ruling party: National Democratic Congress (NDC) (from 7 Jan 2008, re-elected 7 Dec 2012)
Area: 239,460 square km
Population: 25.56 million (2013)*
Capital: Accra
Official language: English
Currency: Cedi (GH¢) = 100 pesewas
Exchange rate: GH¢3.34 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,730 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$44.23 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 11.70% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$3.06 billion (2011)*
* estimated figure

Georgia

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Key Facts
Official name: République Gabonaise (Gabonese Republic)
Head of State: President Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba (from 3 Sep 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Raymond Ndong Sima (PDG) (from 27 Feb 2012)
Ruling party: Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG) (Gabonese Democratic Party) (since 1960; re-elected 17 Dec 2011)
Area: 267,667 square km
Population: 1.56 million (2013)*
Capital: Libreville
Official language: English (from Oct 2012)
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.96 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$12,302 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$19.23 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 0.50% (2013)
Oil production: 237,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: US$5.21 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

United Kingdom

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Key Facts
Official name: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK)
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (crowned 2 Jun 1953)
Head of government: Prime Minister David Cameron (from 12 May 2010)
Ruling party: Coalition, led by the Conservative Party, with the Liberal Democrats (from 12 May 2010)
Area: 244,103 square km
Population: 64.09 million (2012)*
Capital: London
Official language: English; English and Welsh in Wales; English and Scottish Gaelic in Scotland.
Currency: Pound sterling (£) = 100 pence
Exchange rate: £0.58 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$39,567 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$2,536.00 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 32.29 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 8.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 3.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 866,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 36.50 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$170.45 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$28.31 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Gabon

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Key Facts
Official name: République Gabonaise (Gabonese Republic)
Head of State: President Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba (from 3 Sep 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Raymond Ndong Sima (PDG) (from 27 Feb 2012)
Ruling party: Parti Démocratique Gabonais (PDG) (Gabonese Democratic Party) (since 1960; re-elected 17 Dec 2011)
Area: 267,667 square km
Population: 1.56 million (2013)*
Capital: Libreville
Official language: English (from Oct 2012)
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.96 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$12,302 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$19.23 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 0.50% (2013)
Oil production: 237,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: US$5.21 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

France

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Key Facts
Official name: La République Française (The French Republic)
Head of State: President François Hollande (PS) (from 15 May 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault (PS) (from 15 May 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition, Majorité présidentielle (presidential majority), led by Parti Socialiste (PS) (Socialist Party), with Divers Gauche (DVG) (Miscellaneous Leftist), Europe Écologie-Les Verts (EELV) (Europe Ecology-The Greens) and Parti Radical de Gauche (PRG) (Radical Party of the Left) (from 17 Jun 2012)
Area: 543,965 square km
Population: 63.66 million (2013)
Capital: Paris
Official language: French
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency French franc, locked at Ff6.56 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$43,000 (2013)
GDP real growth: 0.30% (2013)
GDP: US$2,737.36 billion (2013)
Labour force: 28.27 million (2009)
Unemployment: 10.80% (2013)
Inflation: 0.99% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$88.11 billion (2011)

Falkland Islands

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Key Facts
Official name: Ityopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia)
Head of State: President Girma Wolde Giorgise (elected by parliament 2001; re-elected 2007)
Head of government: Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (from 22 Aug 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), an alliance of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), the South Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Front (SEPDF), the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), and Oromo People’s Democratic Movement (OPDM) (from 1991, elected 1995, re-elected 2010)
Area: 1,251,282 square km
Population: 88.85 million (2013)*
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official language: Amharic
Currency: Birr (Birr) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Birr19.71 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$542 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 9.70% (2013)
GDP: US$48.15 billion (2013)
Inflation: 8.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$5.30 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Fiji

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of the Fiji Islands
Head of State: President Ratu Epeli Nailatikau (from 2009; reappointed 12 Nov 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister (interim) Commodore Voreqe ‘Frank’ Bainimarama (from 2007; re-appointed 13 April 2009)
Ruling party: Interim military government (from 2007; re-appointed 13 April 2009)
Area: 18,333 square km (about 332 islands, 110 inhabited)
Population: 877,000 (2013)*
Capital: Suva (on Viti Levu)
Official language: English, Fijian and Hindi
Currency: Fijian dollar (F$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: F$1.83 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$4,606 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$4.04 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 8.80% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.90% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$838 (2012)*
Foreign debt: US$537.00 million (2012)*
Visitor numbers: 675,050 (2011)
* estimated figure

Finland

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Key Facts
Official name: Suomen Tasavalta: Republiken Finland (Republic of Finland)
Head of State: Presidential Sauli Niinistö (from 1 Mar 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jyrki Katainen (NCP) (from 23 Jun 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Kansallinen Kokoomuspuolue (KOK) (National Coalition Party) (NCP), with Suomen Sosialidemokraatinen Puolue (Social Democratic Party of Finland) (SDP), Vasemmistoliitto (VAS) (Left Alliance), Vihreä Liitto (VIHR) (Green League), Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland (SFP) (Swedish People's Party), Suomen Kristillisdemokraatit (KD) (Finnish Christian Democrats) (from 23 Jun 2011)
Area: 338,144 square km
Population: 5.45 million (2013)*
Capital: Helsinki
Official language: Finnish and Swedish
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency markka, locked at M5.95 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$47,129 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.40% (2013)*
GDP: US$256.92 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 2.63 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 8.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.20% (2013)
Balance of trade: US$4.33 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Ethiopia

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Key Facts
Official name: Ityopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia)
Head of State: President Girma Wolde Giorgise (elected by parliament 2001; re-elected 2007)
Head of government: Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (from 22 Aug 2012)
Ruling party: Coalition Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), an alliance of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), the South Ethiopian Peoples’ Democratic Front (SEPDF), the Amhara National Democratic Movement (ANDM), and Oromo People’s Democratic Movement (OPDM) (from 1991, elected 1995, re-elected 2010)
Area: 1,251,282 square km
Population: 88.85 million (2013)*
Capital: Addis Ababa
Official language: Amharic
Currency: Birr (Birr) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Birr19.71 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$542 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 9.70% (2013)
GDP: US$48.15 billion (2013)
Inflation: 8.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$5.30 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Spain

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Key Facts
Official name: Reino de España (Kingdom of Spain)
Head of State: King Juan Carlos I (since 1975) (Announced his abdication 2 June 2014. Crown Prince Felipe expected to succeed him)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy Brey (PP) (from 20 Dec 2011)
Ruling party: Partido Popular (PP) (Popular Party) (from 20 Nov 2011)
Area: 504,782 square km, including the Balearic and Canary Islands, and the Ceuta and Melilla enclaves in North Africa
Population: 46.61 million (2013)
Capital: Madrid
Official language: Castilian Spanish, Catalan (in Catalonia including the Balearics), Basque (in the Basque provinces), Valencian (Province of Valencia), Galician (Galicia).
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$29,150 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$1,358.69 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 22.92 million (2012)
Unemployment: 26.00% (2013)*; 26.3% (2nd quarter 2013)
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$31.94 billion (2012)
Annual FDI: US$31.42 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Eritrea

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Key Facts
Official name: Hagere Ertra (State of Eritrea)
Head of State: President Issaias Afewerki (since 1991; elected president 1993)
Head of government: President Issaias Afewerki
Ruling party: dem
Area: 125,000 square km
Population: 6.33 million (2013)*
Capital: Asmara
Official language: There is no official language but the working languages are Tigrinya, Arabic and English.
Currency: Nakfa (Nk) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Nk15.00 per US$ fixed (pegged from 1 Jan 2005)
GDP per capita: US$544 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.33% (2013)*
GDP: US$3.44 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 12.30% (2013)*
* estimated figure

Egypt

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Key Facts
Official name: Jumhuriyat Misr al Arabiya (Arab Republic of Egypt)
Head of State: President Abdel Fattah el Sisi (Independent) (sworn in 9 June 2014)
Head of government: Acting Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab (from 1 Mar 2014)
Ruling party: No ruling party as such
Area: 1,001,499 square km
Population: 84.15 million (2013)*
Capital: Cairo
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Egyptian pound (LE) = 100 piastres
Exchange rate: LE6.96 per US$ (Feb 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,112 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.22% (2013)
GDP: US$256.73 billion (2013)
Labour force: 26.19 million (2011)*
Unemployment: 12.31% (2013)
Inflation: 8.60% (2013)
Oil production: 728,000 bpd (2012)
Natural gas production: 60.90 billion cum (2012)
Balance of trade: -US$25.52 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Estonia

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Key Facts
Official name: Eesti Vabariik (The Republic of Estonia)
Head of State: President Toomas Hendrik Ilves (since 2006; re-elected 29 Aug 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Andrus Ansip (RE) (elected 2005; re-elected 6 Mar 2011)
Ruling party: Reformierakond (RE) (Reform Party) (from 2005; re-elected 6 Mar 2011)
Area: 45,227 square km
Population: 1.29 million (2013) (1,294,236; 2011; census figure)
Capital: Tallinn
Official language: Estonian
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2011; previous currency kroon, locked at EEK15.6466 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$19,032 (2013)
GDP real growth: 0.80% (2013)
GDP: US$24.48 billion (2013)
Labour force: 689,000 (2012)*
Unemployment: 8.60% (2013)
Inflation: 3.50% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$1.20 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Ecuador

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Key Facts
Official name: República del Ecuador (Republic of Ecuador)
Head of State: President Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (from 2007; re-elected 26 Apr 2009 and 27 Feb 2013)
Head of government: President Rafael Correa
Ruling party: Movimiento PAIS (Patria Altiva i Soberana) (Proud and Sovereign Fatherland Movement) (from 26 Apr 2009, re-elected 17 Feb 2013)
Area: 270,670 square km
Population: 15.78 million (2013)
Capital: Quito
Official language: Spanish
Currency: US dollar (US$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: US$1.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,968 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.20% (2013)*
GDP: US$94.14 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 4.48 million (2010)
Unemployment: 4.70% (2013)
Inflation: 2.70% (2013)*
Oil production: 527,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$133.30 million (2011)
Annual FDI: US$567.77 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Algeria

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Key Facts
Official name: Al Jumhuriya al Jazairiya ad Dimucratiya ash Shabiya (Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria)
Head of State: President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (since 1999; re-elected Apr 2004, 2009 and 2014)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdelmalek Sellal (Independent) (from 29 Apr 2014)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Front de Libération Nationale (FLN) (National Liberation Front), (since 2002; re-elected 10 May 2012)
Area: 2,381,741 square km
Population: 37.90 million (2013)*
Capital: Algiers
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Algerian dinar (AD) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: AD79.31 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,438 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.70% (2013)*
GDP: US$206.10 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 10.81 million (2010)
Unemployment: 9.83% (2013)*
Inflation: 3.26% (2013)*
Oil production: 1.58 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 78.60 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$28.01 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Dominican Republic

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Key Facts
Official name: República Dominicana (Dominican Republic)
Head of State: President Danilo Medina (PLD) (elected 20 May 2012, sworn in 16 August)
Head of government: President Danilo Medina (PLD)
Ruling party: Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Dominican Liberation Party) (from 2010)
Area: 48,400 square km
Population: 10.41 million (2013)
Capital: Santo Domingo de Guzmán
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Dominican Republic peso (RD$) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: RD$43.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,834 (2013)
GDP real growth: 4.10% (2013)
GDP: US$60.77 billion (2013)
Unemployment: 7.00% (2013)
Inflation: 4.80% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$8.89 billion (2011)
Visitor numbers: 4.12 million * (2010, excludes cruise passengers)
* estimated figure

Denmark

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Key Facts
Official name: Kongeriget Danmark (The Kingdom of Denmark)
Head of State: Queen Margrethe II (since 1972)
Head of government: Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt (Socialdemokraterne) (from 4 Oct 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition Red Alliance, led by Socialdemokraterne (SD) (Social Democrats), with Det Radikale Venstre (DRV) (Social Liberal Party), Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF) (Socialist People’s Party) and Enhedslisten (de-rød-grønne) (Enhedslisten) (Red-Green Alliance) (from 4 Oct 2011)
Area: 43,080 square km
Population: 5.59 million (2013)
Capital: Copenhagen
Official language: Danish
Currency: Danish krone (Kr) = 100 ore
Exchange rate: Kr5.47 per US$ (Jul 2014); (pegged through the original European Exchange Rate Mechanism; trades around Kr7.43 per euro)
GDP per capita: US$59,191 (2013)
GDP real growth: -0.57% (2013)
GDP: US$330.96 billion (2013)
Labour force: 2.82 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 7.00% (2013)
Inflation: 0.80% (2013)
Oil production: 178,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 4.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$8.25 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Djibouti

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Key Facts
Official name: République de Djibouti/Jumhouriyya Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti)
Head of State: President Ismail Omar Guelleh (from 1999; re-elected 8 Apr 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita (since 2001; re-appointed 2005)
Ruling party: Coalition called Union pour la Majorité Présidentielle (UMP) (Union for a Presidential Majority), (consists of five political parties, all supporters of President Ismail Omar Guelleh) (since 2005; re-elected 8 Feb 2008)
Area: 23,200 square km
Population: 914,000 (2013)* (818,159; 2009 census figure)
Capital: Djibouti-ville
Official language: French/Arabic (Somali/Afar are the national languages)
Currency: Djibouti franc (Df) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: Df177.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,595 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$1.46 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 2.50% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$425.60 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Germany

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Key Facts
Official name: Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany)
Head of State: President Joachim Gauck (from 18 Mar 2012)
Head of government: Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) (elected 2005; re-elected 27 Sep 2009, 22 Sep 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition: Christlich-Demokratische Union Deutschlands/Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern (CDU/CSU) (Christian Democratic Union of Germany/Christian Social Union of Bavaria) (elected 2005; re-elected 27 Sep 2009, 22 Sep 2013)
Area: 357,041 square km
Population: 80.80 million (2013)*
Capital: Berlin
Official language: German
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency Deutsche mark, locked at DM1.96 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$44,999 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 0.50% (2013)
GDP: US$3,635.96 billion (2013)
Labour force: 44.16 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 5.50% (2013)
Inflation: 2.10% (2013)
Natural gas production: 8.20 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$23.82 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Czech Republic

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Key Facts
Official name: Ceská Republika (Czech Republic)
Head of State: President Miloš Zeman (Strana Práv Obcanu-Zemanovci (SPOZ) (Party of Civic Rights-Zeman's people)) (elected 26 January 2013, inaugurated 8 March 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jirí Rusnok (from 25 Jun 2013).
Ruling party: Coalition led by Obcanská Demokratická Strana (ODS) (Civic Democratic Party), with Tradice Odpovednost Prosperita 09 (TOP 09) (Tradition Responsibility Prosperity 09) and Veci verejné (VV) (Public Affairs) (from 30 Jun 2010)
Area: 78,864 square km
Population: 10.52 million (2013)
Capital: Prague
Official language: Czech
Currency: Czech koruna (Kc) = 100 hellers
Exchange rate: Kc20.11 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$18,858 (2013)
GDP real growth: -0.90% (2013)
GDP: US$198.31 billion (2013)
Labour force: 5.43 million (2011)
Unemployment: 6.95% (2013)
Inflation: 1.40% (2013)
Balance of trade: US$6.13 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Cyprus

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Key Facts
Official name: Kypriaki Dimokratia-Kibris Cumhuriyeti (Republic of Cyprus)
Head of State: President Demetris Christofias (Akel party) (from 28 Feb 2008)
Head of government: President Demetris Christofias (from 28 Feb 2008)
Ruling party: Coaltion led by Dimokratikos Sinagermos (DS) (Democratic Rally), with Anorthotikon Komma Ergazomenou Laou (AKEL) (Progressive Party for Working People) (from Jun 2011)
Area: 9,251 square km (including the north)
Population: 881,000 (2013)*
Capital: Lefkosia (Nicosia); Greek spellings in use since 1995
Official language: Greek and Turkish
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2008; previous currency Cypriot pound, locked at C£0.58 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$24,761 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -6.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$21.83 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 404,000 (2010)
Unemployment: 16.00% (2013)
Inflation: 0.40% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$4.15 billion (2011(2012)*
* estimated figure

Cuba

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Cuba (Republic of Cuba)
Head of State: President of the Council of State Raul Castro Ruz (since 24 Feb 2008, re-elected Feb 2013)
Head of government: President of the Council of State Raul Castro (since 24 Feb 2008, re-elected Feb 2013)
Ruling party: Partido Comunista de Cuba (PCC) (Cuban Communist Party)
Area: 110,860 square km
Population: 11.08 million (2011)*
Capital: Havana
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Cuban Convertible peso and Cuban peso (Cu$) (CUC) both = 100 centavos (NB From 2004, the US dollar was only to be used to convert to CUC)
Exchange rate: CUC1.00 per US$ (Jul 2014); (a government 10% surcharge is imposed on all US$ transactions converting to CUC, which was revalued by 8% in April 2005). Cu$ cannot be used for local payments, nor exchanged for any other currency.
GDP per capita: US$5,410 (2011)*
GDP real growth: 2.70% (2011)*
GDP: US$60.80 billion (2011)*
Unemployment: 1.60% (2009)
Inflation: 4.70% (2011)*
* estimated figure

Costa Rica

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Costa Rica (Republic of Costa Rica)
Head of State: President Laura Chinchilla Miranda (PLN) (since 8 May 2010)
Head of government: President Laura Chinchilla Miranda (from 8 May 2010)
Ruling party: Partido Liberación Nacional (PLN) (National Liberation Party) (from May 2006)
Area: 51,060 square km
Population: 4.76 million (2013)* (4,301,712; 2011 census figure)
Capital: San José
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Colón (CC) = 100 céntimos
Exchange rate: CC539.52 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$10,432 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$49.62 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 2.12 million (2009)
Unemployment: 9.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 5.20% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$7.25 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$2.80 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Colombia

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia)
Head of State: President Juan Manuel Santos (PSUN) (from 7 Aug 2010)
Head of government: President Juan Manuel Santos
Ruling party: Coalition led by Partido Social de Unidad Nacional (PSUN) (Social National Unity Party), with Parte de Integración Nacional (PIN) (National Integration Party) and Alas-Equipo (elected 2006; re-elected 14 Mar 2010)
Area: 1,138,914 square km
Population: 47.15 million (2013)*
Capital: Santa Fé de Bogotá
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Colombian peso (Col$) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: Col$1,858.55 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$8,098 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.30% (2013)*
GDP: US$381.82 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 23.23 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 9.70% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 1.00 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 12.60 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$4.87 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

China

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Key Facts
Official name: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo (Zhongguo) (People's Republic of China)
Head of State: President Xi Jinping (from 15 Nov 2012)
Head of government: Premier of the State Council Xi Jinping (from 15 Nov 2012)
Ruling party: Zhongguo Gongchangdang (Chinese Communist Party) (CCP)
Area: 9,596,961 square km
Population: 1.36 billion (2013) (1,337,400,000; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Beijing (Peking)
Official language: Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese – Beijing dialect).
Currency: Yuan (Renminbi) (Rmb) = 100 fen
Exchange rate: Rmb6.20 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$6,747 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.70% (2013)*
GDP: US$9,181.38 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 779.95 million (2009)
Unemployment: 4.10% (2013)
Inflation: 2.63% (2013)
Oil production: 4.18 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 117.10 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$317.60 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Cameroon

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Key Facts
Official name: République du Cameroun (Republic of Cameroon)
Head of State: President Paul Biya (from 1982; re-elected 9 Oct 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Philémon Yang (appointed 30 Jun 2009)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Rassemblement Démocratique du Peuple Camerounais (RDPC) (Cameroon People's Democratic Rally) with Union Nationale pour la Démocratie et le Progrès (UNDP) (National Union for Democracy and Progress) and Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC) (Union of the Peoples of Cameroon) (since 1992; re-elected July 2007)
Area: 475,442 square km
Population: 21.99 million (2013)*
Capital: Yaoundé
Official language: French, English
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$1,271 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$27.96 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 7.84 million (2010)*
Inflation: 2.05% (2013)*
Oil production: 61,990 bpd (2011)
Balance of trade: -US$1.49 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Chile

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Key Facts
Official name: República de Chile (Republic of Chile)
Head of State: President Michelle Bachelet (elected 16 Dec 2013, sworn in 11 Feb 2014)
Head of government: President Michelle Bachelet (from 11 Feb 2014)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Coalición por el Cambio (CC) (Coalition for Change) (alliance of five parties) (from Dec 2013)
Area: 756,626 square km
Population: 17.56 million (2013)* (16,572,475; 31 August 2012, census preliminary result)
Capital: Santiago
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Chilean peso (CH$) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: CH$553.90 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$15,776 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.22% (2013)
GDP: US$277.00 billion (2013)
Labour force: 8.20 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 5.90% (2013)
Inflation: 1.80% (2013)
Balance of trade: US$3.42 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Ivory Coast

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Key Facts
Official name: Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic)
Head of State: President Giorgio Napolitano (elected May 2006, re-elected 20 Apr 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Enrico Letta (from Feb 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by the Italia. Bene Comune (IBC) (Italy. Common Good) alliance (including the Partito Democratico (PD) (Democratic Party)), the Coalizione del Centrodestra (Centre-right Coalition) (including the Il Popolo della Libertà (the People of Freedom)) and Con Monti per l'Italia (CMI) (With Monti for Italy) (including Scelta Civica (Civic Choice)) (from Feb 2013).
Area: 301,277 square km
Population: 59.69 million (2013)*
Capital: Rome
Official language: Italian
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency lira, locked at L1,936.27 per euro) (Campione d'Italia, an Italian enclave near Lake Lugano in Switzerland, uses the Swiss franc, although the euro also circulates)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$34,715 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$2,071.95 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 25.79 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 12.20% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.30% (2013)*
Oil production: 116,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 7.10 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$25.40 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Switzerland

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Key Facts
Official name: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German); Confédération Suisse (French); Confederazione Svizzera (Italian) (Swiss Confederation)
Head of State: President Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf (SVP) (from 1 Jan 2012); President-elect Ueli Maurer (SVP) (from 1 Jan 2013)
Head of government: Federal President Hans-Rudolf Merz
Ruling party: Coalition led by the Schweizerische Volkspartei (SVP) (Swiss People's Party) (since 1999; re-elected 2011)
Area: 41,293 square km
Population: 8.00 million (2013)*
Capital: Bern (German)/Berne (French)
Official language: German, French, Italian and Romansch
Currency: Swiss franc (Swf) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: Swf0.89 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$81,324 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$650.81 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 4.81 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 3.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$25.19 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$666.50 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Republic of the Congo

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Key Facts
Official name: République du Congo (Republic of Congo)
Head of State: President Denis Sassou Nguesso (from 1997; re-elected 12 Jul 2009)
Head of government: President Denis Sassou Nguesso (from 2009)
Ruling party: Parti Congolais du Travail (PCT) (Congolese Labour Party) (from 1997; re-elected 5 August 2012)
Area: 342,000 square km
Population: 4.18 million (2013)*
Capital: Brazzaville (political); Pointe-Noire (business)
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$3,295 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$13.78 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 4.60% (2013)*
Oil production: 296,000 bpd (2012)
Balance of trade: US$713.34 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Central African Republic

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Key Facts
Official name: République Centrafricaine (Central African Republic)
Head of State: Interim President Catherine Samba-Panza (sworn in 23 Jan 2014)
Head of government: Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye (from 17 Jan 2013)
Area: 622,984 square km
Population: 4.61 million (2013)*
Capital: Bangui
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$334 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -36.05% (2013)*
GDP: US$1.54 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 6.55% (2013)*
Annual FDI: US$109.18 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Key Facts
Official name: République Démocratique du Congo (Democratic Republic of Congo) (DRC)
Head of State: President Joseph Kabila Kabange (elected 2006; re-elected 28 Nov 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo (from 19 Apr 2012)
Ruling party: Caretaker-coalition led by Parti du Peuple pour la Reconstruction et la Démocratie (PPRD) (People’s Party of Reconstruction and Democracy) with Parti Lumumbiste Unifié (PLU) (United Lumumbist Party) and Union des Démocrates Mobutistes (UDM) (Union of Mobutist Democrats) (elected 2006; re-elected 28 Nov 2011)
Area: 2,345,409 square km
Population: 76.99 million (2013)*
Capital: Kinshasa
Official language: French
Currency: Congolese franc (Cf)
Exchange rate: Cf922.80 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$398 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 8.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$30.64 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 0.80% (2013)
Oil production: 281,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: US$556.30 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Canada

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Key Facts
Official name: Canada
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952), represented by Governor General David Johnston (from 1 Oct 2010) (since 27 Sep 2005)
Head of government: Prime Minister Stephen Harper (from 2006; re-elected 2 May 2011)
Ruling party: Conservative Party of Canada (CPC) (from 2006; re-elected 2 May 2011)
Area: 9,976,139 square km
Population: 35.10 million (2013)
Capital: Ottawa
Official language: English, French
Currency: Canadian dollar (C$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: C$1.06 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$51,990 (2013)
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)
GDP: US$1,825.10 billion (2013)
Labour force: 18.86 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 7.10% (2013)
Inflation: 0.96% (2013)
Oil production: 3.95 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 154.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$12.03 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Belize

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Key Facts
Official name: Belize
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952); Governor General Sir Colville Norbert Young (since 1993)
Head of government: Prime Minister Dean Oliver Barrow (UDP) (from 2008: re-elected 8 Mar 2012)
Ruling party: United Democratic Party (UDP) (from 2008: re-elected 8 Mar 2012)
Area: 22,965 square km
Population: 349,000 (2013)
Capital: Belmopan
Official language: English
Currency: Belize dollar (Bz$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Bz$2.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$4,538 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$1.60 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 16.30% (2013)*
Inflation: 0.50% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$209.00 million (2012)*
* estimated figure

Belarus

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Key Facts
Official name: Respublika Belarus (Republic of Belarus)
Head of State: President Aleksandr Lukashenko (from 1994; re-elected 19 Dec 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mikhail Uladzimiravich Myasnikovich (from Dec 2010)
Ruling party: Coalition of independent supporters of President Lukashenko, plus Kommunisticheskaya Partuya Belarusi (KPB) (Communist Party of Belarus) and Agrarnaya Partiya Belarusi (APB) (Agrarian Party of Belarus) (since 1995; re-elected 23 Sep 2012)
Area: 208,000 square km
Population: 9.46 million (2013)
Capital: Minsk
Official language: Belarusian since 1990 and Russian since 1995 referendum.
Currency: Rouble (R)
Exchange rate: R10,270.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$7,577 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 0.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$71.71 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 4.66 million (2011)*
Unemployment: 0.60% (official, 2013)* (additional large number of underemployed)
Inflation: 18.30% (2013)
Balance of trade: US$565.00 million (2012)*
* estimated figure

Botswana

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Botswana
Head of State: President Seretse Ian Khama (since 2008; elected 16 Oct 2009)
Head of government: President Seretse Ian Khama (since 2008; elected 16 Oct 2009)
Ruling party: Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) (since 1965; re-elected 16 Oct 2009)
Area: 582,000 square km
Population: 2.08 million (2013)* (2,038,228; 2011; census figure)
Capital: Gaborone
Official language: English (official); Setswana (national).
Currency: Pula (P) = 100 thebe
Exchange rate: P8.83 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$7,136 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.94% (2013)*
GDP: US$14.84 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 5.76% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.91 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Bhutan

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Key Facts
Official name: Druk-yul (The Kingdom of Bhutan)
Head of State: Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) Jigme Kesar Namgyal Wangchuk (since 14 Dec 2006).
Head of government: Prime MinisterTshering Tobgay PDP) (from 13 Jul 2013)
Ruling party: People's Democratic Party (PDP) (from 13 Jul 2013)
Area: 47,000 square km
Population: 745,000 (2013)*
Capital: Thimphu
Official language: Dzongkha
Currency: Ngultrum (Nu) = 100 chetrums
Exchange rate: Nu59.79 per US$ (Jul 2014) (pegged to Indian rupee)
GDP per capita: US$2,665 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.95% (2013)*
GDP: US$1.99 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 3.20% (2013)
Inflation: 9.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$522.47 million (2011)*
Visitor numbers: 173,300 (2009)
* estimated figure

The Bahamas

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Key Facts
Official name: Prathet Thai; Ratcha Anachak Thai (Kingdom of Thailand)
Head of State: King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) (since 1946)
Head of government: Prime Minister General Prayuth Chan-ocha (from 26 Aug 2014)
Ruling party: The Coalition led by Phak Puea Thai (PPT) (For Thais Party) was removed by an army coup on 22 May 2014
Area: 514,000 square km
Population: 68.23 million (2013)* (65,479,453; 2010 census figure)
Capital: Bangkok
Official language: Thai
Currency: Baht (B) = 100 satang
Exchange rate: B32.23 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,674 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$387.16 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 39.83 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 1.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 459,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 41.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$8.35 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$7.78 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Brazil

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Key Facts
Official name: Republica Federativa do Brasil (Federative Republic of Brazil)
Head of State: President Dilma Rousseff (PT) (from 1 Jan 2011)
Head of government: President Dilma Rousseff (PT) (from 1 Jan 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition Lulista, led by Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) (Workers' Party) with nine other political parties (from 2002; re-elected 2010)
Area: 8,511,965 square km
Population: 198.29 million (2013) (190,755,799; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Brasília
Official language: Portuguese
Currency: Real (R$) (plural reais)
Exchange rate: R$2.22 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$11,311 (2013)
GDP real growth: 2.28% (2013)
GDP: US$2,242.85 billion (2013)
Labour force: 24.64 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 5.40% (2013)
Inflation: 6.20% (2013)
Oil production: 2.11 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 21.30 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$19.43 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Bolivia

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Key Facts
Official name: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (Plurinational State of Bolivia)
Head of State: President Juan Evo Morales Ayma (since 22 Jan 2006)
Head of government: President Juan Evo Morales Ayma
Ruling party: Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS) (Movement towards Socialism) (from Dec 2005)
Area: 1,098,581 square km
Population: 11.04 million (2013)*
Capital: Sucre (legislative and judicial); La Paz (administrative)
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Boliviano (B) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: B6.91 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$2,700 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.80% (2013)*
GDP: US$29.80 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 6.40% (2013)* (additional widespread underemployment)
Inflation: 5.70% (2013)
Natural gas production: 20.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$3.42 billion (2011)(2012)*
* estimated figure

Brunei

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Key Facts
Official name: Negara Brunei Darussalam (The Sultanate of Brunei)
Head of State: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam (crowned Aug 1967)
Head of government: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam
Ruling party: There is no ruling party.
Area: 5,765 square km
Population: 406,000 (2013)*
Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
Official language: Behasa Melayu
Currency: Brunei dollar (B$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: B$1.24 per US$ (Jul 2014) (the Brunei dollar is set at parity with the Singapore dollar.)
GDP per capita: US$39,943 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.20% (2013)*
GDP: US$16.21 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 198,800 (2010)
Unemployment: 2.70% (2013)*
Inflation: 0.38% (2013)
Oil production: 135,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 12.20 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$4.89 billion (2010)
* estimated figure

Benin

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Key Facts
Official name: République du Bénin (Republic of Benin)
Head of State: President Boni Yayi (from 2006: re-elected 13 Mar 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Pascal Koupaki (from 28 May 2011)
Ruling party: Forces Cauri pour un Bénin Emergent (FCBE) (Cauri Forces for an Emerging Benin) (elected 2007; re-elected 30 Apr 2011)
Area: 112,622 square km
Population: 10.32 million (2013)*(8,849,892; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Cotonou (seat of government); Porto-Novo (administrative)
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc).
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$805 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$8.31 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 0.97% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$493.60 million (2010)*
* estimated figure

Burundi

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika y'Uburundi (Republic of Burundi)
Head of State: President Pierre Nkurunziza (Hutu) (from 2005: re-elected 28 Jun 2010)
Head of government: President Pierre Nkurunziza
Ruling party: Conseil National Pour la Défense de la Démocratie–Forces pour la Défense de la Démocratie (NCDD–FDD) (National Council for the Defence of Democracy–Forces for the Defence of Democracy) (from 2005; re-elected 23 Jul 2010)
Area: 27,834 square km
Population: 8.98 million (2013)*
Capital: Bujumbura (plans to build a new capital nearer to the centre of the country were announced in 2007)
Official language: Kirundi and French
Currency: Burundi franc (Buf) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: Buf1,542.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$303 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.50% (2013)*
GDP: US$2.72 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 8.80% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$576.00 million (2012)*
* estimated figure

Bulgaria

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika Bulgaria (Republic of Bulgaria)
Head of State: President Rosen Plavneliev (Gerb) (from 22 Jan 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Plamen Oresharski (BSP) (from 29 May 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition of Bulgarska Socialistièska Partija (BSP) (Bulgarian Socialist Party) and Attack (from 5 Jul 2013)
Area: 110,994 square km
Population: 7.24 million (2013)*
Capital: Sofia
Official language: Bulgarian
Currency: Lev (Lev) = 100 stotinki
Exchange rate: Lev1.43 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$7,329 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 0.86% (2013)
GDP: US$53.05 billion (2013)
Labour force: 3.37 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 13.04% (2013); 14% mid-2013
Inflation: 0.38% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$4.67 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$1.80 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Burkina Faso

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Key Facts
Official name: République Démocratique Populaire de Burkina Faso (Popular Democratic Republic of Burkina Faso)
Head of State: President Blaise Compaoré (from 1987; re-elected 21 Nov 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Luc-Adolphe Tiao (from 18 Apr 2011)
Ruling party: Congrès pour la Démocratie et le Progrès (CDP) (Congress for Democracy and Progress) (since 1997; re-elected May 2007; Dec 2012)
Area: 274,000 square km
Population: 16.80 million (2013)*
Capital: Ouagadougou
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc).
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999
GDP per capita: US$729 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.78% (2013)*
GDP: US$12.25 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 6.67 million (2007) (excludes seasonal, expatriate numbers)
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$513.00 million (2009)*
* estimated figure

Belgium

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Key Facts
Official name: Royaume de Belgique (French), Koninkrijk België (Dutch), Königreich Belgien (German) (Kingdom of Belgium)
Head of State: King Philippe I (crowned on 21 Jul 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Elio Di Rupo (PS) (from 6 Dec 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition of Flemish parties: Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams (CDV) (Christian Democratic and Flemish), Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten (VLD) (Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats), Socialistische Partij-Anders (SP-A) (Socialist Party-Other); francophone parties: Parti Socialiste (PS) (Socialist Party), Mouvement Réformateur (MR) (Reform Movement), Centre Démocrate Humaniste (CDH) (Humanist Democratic Centre) (from 6 Dec 2011)
Area: 30,518 square km
Population: 11.16 million (2013)
Capital: Brussels
Official language: Dutch (Flemish), French and German
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency Belgian franc, locked at Bf40.34 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$45,384 (2013)
GDP real growth: 0.25% (2013)
GDP: US$506.56 billion (2013)
Labour force: 5.20 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 8.40% (2013)
Inflation: 1.20% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$8.68 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Bangladesh

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Key Facts
Official name: Gana Prajatantri Bangladesh (People's Republic of Bangladesh)
Head of State: President Abdul Hamid (from 24 April 2013)
Head of government: Prime minister Sheikh Hasina Wazed (Awami League) (from 6 Jan 2009)
Ruling party: The Mohajot (Grand Coalition) led by the Awami League (AL) (People’s League) with the Jatiya Party (National Party) (since 29 Dec 2008)
Area: 143,998 square km
Population: 156.30 million (2013)*
Capital: Dhaka
Official language: Bengali (Bangla)
Currency: Taka (Tk) = 100 poisha
Exchange rate: Tk77.60 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$904 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.75% (2013)*
GDP: US$141.28 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 73.87 million (2009) (does not include extensive expatriate numbers)
Unemployment: 4.80% (2010)* (does not include underemployment)
Inflation: 7.54% (2013)
Natural gas production: 21.90 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$7.37 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika Bosne i Hercegovine (BiH) (Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina). BiH consists of two distinct entities: Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine (FBiH) (Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina) and Republika Srpska (RS) (Serb Republic)
Head of State: Three-member rotating collective presidency (began with) Nebojsa Radmanovic (SNSD (Serb)) (from 2006; re-elected Oct 2010), Zeljko Komsic (SDP BiH (Croat)) (from 2006; re-elected Oct 2010), Bakir Izetbegovic (SDA (Bosniak/Muslim)) (elected Oct 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Vjekoslav Bevanda (HDZ) (from 12 Jan 2012); UN High Representative and EU Special Representative: Valentin Inzko (25 Mar 2009)
Ruling party: Seven-party coalition government (formed 9 Jan 2007)
Area: 51,129 square km
Population: 3.88 million (2013)*
Capital: Sarajevo (BiH)
Official language: Bosanski (Bosnian)
Currency: Konvertibilna marka (KM) = 100 fennings
Exchange rate: KM1.43 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$4,958 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.20% (2013)*
GDP: US$17.83 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 1.23 million (2011)
Unemployment: 27.00% (2013)
Inflation: -0.09% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$5.54 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Azerbaijan

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Key Facts
Official name: Azarbaijchan Respublikasy (Republic of Azerbaijan)
Head of State: President Ilham Aliyev (YAP) (from 2003; re-elected Oct 2008 and 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Artur Rasizadeh (YAP) (from 2003; re-appointed Oct 2008 and 2013)
Ruling party: Yeni Azerbaycan Partiyasi (YAP) (New Azerbaijan Party) (from 2005; re-elected 7 Nov 2010)
Area: 86,600 square km
Population: 9.31 million (2013)*
Capital: Baku
Official language: Azeri (Turkic)
Currency: new manat (M) = 100 gopik (new currency introduced 1 Jan 2006)
Exchange rate: M0.78 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$7,900 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.80% (2013)
GDP: US$73.54 billion (2013)
Labour force: 5.87 million (2010)
Unemployment: 6.05% (2013)
Inflation: 2.43% (2013)*
Oil production: 931,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 16.20 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$21.91 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Australia

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Key Facts
Official name: Commonwealth of Australia
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952), represented by Governor General Quentin Alice L Bryce (from 5 Sep 2008)
Head of government: Prime Minister Tony Abbott (ALP) (elected 7 Sep, sworn in 18 Sep 2013)
Ruling party: Liberal-National (LN) coalition (from 7 Sep 2013)
Area: 7,682,300 square km
Population: 23.20 million (2013)*
Capital: Canberra
Official language: English
Currency: Australian dollar (A$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: A$1.06 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$64,863 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.43% (2013)
GDP: US$1,505.28 billion (2013)
Labour force: 1.22 billion (2012)*
Unemployment: 5.66% (2013)
Inflation: 2.45% (2013)
Oil production: 416,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 42.90 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$5.07 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Austria

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Key Facts
Official name: Republik Österreich (Republic of Austria)
Head of State: Federal President Heinz Fischer (SPÖ) (from 2004; re-elected 25 Apr 2010)
Head of government: Chancellor Werner Faymann (SPÖ) (from 2 Dec 2008, re-elected 29 Sep 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs (SPÖ) (Social Democratic Party of Austria) with Österreichische Volkspartei (ÖVP) (Austrian People's Party) (from 2 Dec 2008, re-elected 29 Sep 2013)
Area: 83,855 square km
Population: 8.48 million (2013)
Capital: Vienna
Official language: German
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency schilling, locked at S13.76 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$48,957 (2013)
GDP real growth: 0.35% (2013)
GDP: US$415.37 billion (2013)
Labour force: 3.74 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 4.90% (2013)
Inflation: 2.12% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$3.01 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Argentina

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Key Facts
Official name: República Argentina (Argentine Republic)
Head of State: President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (FPV-PJ) (from 2007: re-elected 23 Oct 2011)
Head of government: President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Ruling party: Alianza Frente para la Victoria (FpV) (Front for Victory Alliance) (from 2005; re-elected Oct 2011)
Area: 2,766,889 square km
Population: 41.49 million (2013)* (40,177,096; 2010 census figure)
Capital: Buenos Aires
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Peso (P) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: P8.14 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$11,767 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.25% (2013)*
GDP: US$488.21 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 11.77 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 7.09% (2013)*
Inflation: 10.62% (2013)*
Oil production: 656,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 35.50 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$15.35 billion (2012)*
Visitor numbers: 5.33 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Angola

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Key Facts
Official name: Republica de Angola (Republic of Angola)
Head of State: President José Eduardo dos Santos (since 1979; indirect election 26 Sep 2012)
Head of government: President José Eduardo dos Santos (from 26 Sep 2012)
Ruling party: Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (MPLA) (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola) (from 1975; re-elected 31 Aug 2012)
Area: 1,246,700 square km
Population: 20.82 million (2013)*
Capital: Luanda
Official language: Portuguese
Currency: Kwanza (Kz) = 100 Lwei
Exchange rate: Kz97.42 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,846 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 8.41% (2012)*
GDP: US$118.72 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 7.98 million (2010)
Inflation: 8.78% (2013)*
Oil production: 1.80 million bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: US$47.08 billion (2011)*
* estimated figure

Armenia

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Official name: Haikakan Hanrapetoutioun (Republic of Armenia)
Head of State: President Serge Sarkisian (since 1998; re-elected 18 Feb 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Tigran Sarkisian (no relation to the president) (from 2008; re-elected 6 May 2012)
Ruling party: Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun (HHK) (Republican Party of Armenia) (from 2007; re-elected 6 May 2012)
Area: 29,800 square km
Population: 3.37 million (2012)*
Capital: Yerevan
Official language: Armenian
Currency: Dram (D) = Luma 100
Exchange rate: D408.25 per US$ (Jul 2013)
GDP per capita: US$2,991 (2012)*
GDP real growth: 7.18% (2012)*
GDP: US$10.07 billion (2012)*
Labour force: 1.13 million (2011)*
Unemployment: 19.00% (2012)*
Inflation: 2.51% (2012)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.11 billion (2011)*
* estimated figure

Albania

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika ë Shqipërisë (Republic of Albania)
Head of State: President Bujar Faik Nishani (PD) (from 11 Jun, inaugurated 24 Jul 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Edi Rama (PSS) (elected 23 Jun 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition: Aleanca për Shqipërinë Europiane (Alliance for a European Albania) consisting of 37 parties lead by the Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë (PSS) (Socialist Party of Albania) and including Aleanca Socialiste për Integrim (ASI) (Socialist Alliance for Integration), Lëvizja Socialiste për Integrim (LSI) (Socialist Movement for Integration) and Partia Demokristiane e Shqipërisë (PDK) (Christian Democratic Party) (elected 23 Jun 2013)
Area: 28,748 square km
Population: 2.79 million (2013)*
Capital: Tirana
Official language: Tosk Albanian; the Albanian language is divided into two dialects – Gheg, north of the river Shkumbinit, and Tosk in the south.
Currency: Lek (L) = 100 qindarka
Exchange rate: L102.78 per US$ (Feb 2014)
GDP per capita: US$4,610 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 0.70% (2013)*
GDP: US$12.85 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 1.11 million (2013)
Unemployment: 12.80% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.90% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$2.86 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Afghanistan

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Key Facts
Official name: The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Head of State: President Hamid Karzai (since 2002; re-elected 20 Aug 2009)
Head of government: President Hamid Karzai
Ruling party: Members of the national assembly are elected as independent candidates
Area: 647,497 square km
Population: 30.55 million 2013* (some 1 million Afghanis are still in exile in Pakistan and Iran)
Capital: Kabul
Official language: Pashtu and Dari (named as official languages in the 2004 constitution)
Currency: Afghani (Af) = 100 puls
Exchange rate: Af56.76 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$679 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$20.73 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 7.39% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$6.60 million (2009) (Aghanistan's highest export is opium, which is not included in the IMF export figure)
* estimated figure

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United Arab Emirates

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Key Facts
Official name: Al Imarat al Arabiyya al Muttahida (United Arab Emirates) (UAE)
Head of State: President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zaid al Nahyan (ruler of Abu Dhabi) (since Nov 2004)
Head of government: Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashed al Maktoum (ruler of Dubai) (from 4 Jan 2006)
Ruling party: There are no official political parties
Area: 83,600 square km
Population: 9.03 million (2013)*
Capital: Abu Dhabi (federal capital); Dubai (commercial capital)
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Dirham (Dh) = 100 fils
Exchange rate: Dh3.67 per US$ (fixed) (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$43,876 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$396.24 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 1.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 3.65 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 56.00 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$63.69 billion (2010)
Annual FDI: US$7.68 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Portugal

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Key Facts
Official name: República Portuguesa (Portuguese Republic)
Head of State: President Aníbal Cavaco Silva (PSD) (from 2006; re-elected 23 Jan 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister, Pedro Passos Coelho (PSD) (from 21 Jun 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Partido Social Democrata (PSD) (Social Democratic Party), with the Centro Democrático e Social-Partido Popular (CDS-PP) (Democratic and Social Centre-Popular Party) (from 21 Jun 2011)
Area: 92,072 square km
Population: 10.61 million (2013)*(10,561,614; 2011, census figure)
Capital: Lisbon
Official language: Portuguese
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2002; previous currency escudo, locked at esc200.48 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$20,728 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.40% (2013)*
GDP: US$219.97 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 5.46 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 16.30% (2013)*
Inflation: 0.40% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$11.24 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$13.07 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Paraguay

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Key Facts
Official name: República del Paraguay (Republic of Paraguay)
Head of State: President Horacio Cartes (from 15 Aug 2013)
Head of government: President Horacio Cartes (from 15 Aug 2013)
Ruling party: Alianza Patriótica por el Cambio (APC) (Patriotic Alliance for Change) political alliance of eight parties led by the Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico (PLRA) (Authentic Radical Liberal Party) (from 15 Aug 2008)
Area: 406,752 square km
Population: 6.79 million (2013)*
Capital: Asunción
Official language: Spanish and Guaraní
Currency: Guaraní (G) = 100 pesos
Exchange rate: G4,214.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$4,170 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 13.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$28.33 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 5.40% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.70% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$847.70 million (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$411.97 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Qatar

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Key Facts
Official name: Dawlat Qatar (State of Qatar)
Head of State: Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (since 24 Jun 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani (appointed 26 June 2013)
Area: 11,437 square km
Population: 2.02 million (2013)* (1,699,435; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Doha
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Rial (QR) = 100 dirhams
Exchange rate: QR3.64 per US$ (fixed)(Jul 2014)*
GDP per capita: US$100,260 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.10% (2013)*
GDP: US$202.56 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 3.10% (2013)*
Oil production: 2.00 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 158.50 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$102.18 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: -US$86.76 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Romania

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Key Facts
Official name: Romania
Head of State: President Traian Basescu (PD-L) (from 2004; re-elected 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Victor-Viorel Ponta (PSD) (from 7 May 2012; elected 9 Dec 2012)
Ruling party: Uniunea Social Liberala (USL) (Social Liberal Union) (coalition of four political parties) led by Partidul Social Democrat-Partidul Conservator (Alianta PSD+PC) (Social Democratic Party-Conservative Party) (appointed Apr 2012; elected 9 Dec 2012)
Area: 237,500 square km
Population: 21.29 million (2013)* (19,042,936; 2011, census figure)
Capital: Bucharest
Official language: Romanian
Currency: New leu (plural lei) (Nleu) = 100 ban
Exchange rate: Nleu3.22 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$8,910 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$189.66 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 4.24 billion (2010)
Unemployment: 7.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 4.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 87,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 11.00 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$11.46 billion (2012)
Annual FDI: US$2.56 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Republic of Serbia

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Key Facts
Official name: Dawlat Qatar (State of Qatar)
Head of State: Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (since 24 Jun 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani (appointed 26 June 2013)
Area: 11,437 square km
Population: 2.02 million (2013)* (1,699,435; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Doha
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Rial (QR) = 100 dirhams
Exchange rate: QR3.64 per US$ (fixed)(Jul 2014)*
GDP per capita: US$100,260 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.10% (2013)*
GDP: US$202.56 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 3.10% (2013)*
Oil production: 2.00 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 158.50 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$102.18 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: -US$86.76 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Russia

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Key Facts
Official name: Rossiiskaya Federatsiya (Russian Federation)
Head of State: President Vladimir Putin (from 7 May 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev (from 7 May 2012)
Ruling party: Yedinaya Rossiya (YR) (United Russia) (from 2003; re-elected 4 Dec 2011)
Area: 17,075,000 square km
Population: 142.93 million (2012)
Capital: Moscow
Official language: Russian
Currency: Rouble (R) = 100 kopeks
Exchange rate: R33.96 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$14,819 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.30% (2013)*
GDP: US$2,118.01 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 75.53 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 6.00% (2013)* (with additional underemployment)
Inflation: 6.80% (2013)*
Oil production: 10.79 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 604.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$192.30 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$52.88 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Rwanda

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika y'u Rwanda (Republic of Rwanda)
Head of State: President Paul Kagame (FPR) (elected 2000; re-elected Aug 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Pierre Damien Habumuremyi (from 7 Oct 2011)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Front Patriotique Rwandais (FPR) (Rwandan Patriotic Front) (Tutsi-dominated) with six other political parties (elected 2003; re-elected Sep 2008 and Sep 2013)
Area: 26,338 square km
Population: 10.64 million (2013)*
Capital: Kigali
Official language: Kinyarwanda, French and English.
Currency: Rwanda franc (Rwf)
Exchange rate: Rwf680.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$698 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$7.43 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 4.20% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.38 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$160.00 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Saudi Arabia

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Key Facts
Official name: Mamlaka al Arabiya as Sa'udiya (The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
Head of State: Custodian of the Two Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Sa'ud (from 1 Aug 2005)
Head of government: King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Sa'ud
Ruling party: None
Area: 2,149,690 square km (approximately)
Population: 29.99 million (2013)* (27,136,977; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Riyadh
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Saudi riyal (SR) = 100 halalas
Exchange rate: SR3.75 per US$ (fixed)(Jul 2014)*
GDP per capita: US$24,847 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$745.27 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 6.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 4.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 11.53 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 103.00 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$246.57 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$16.31 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Solomon Islands

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Key Facts
Official name: Solomon Islands
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor General Frank Kabui (from 7 July 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Gordon Darcy Lilo (from 16 Nov 2011)
Ruling party: National Coalition for Reform and Advancement (NCRA) including Direct Development Party (DDP), Independent Democratic Party (IDP), Our Party, the Reform Democratic Party, Rural and Urban Political Party (RUP), Solomon Islands Party for Rural Advancement (SIPRA), and several independent members.
Area: 27,556 square km – Guadalcanal: 5,302 square km
Population: 562,000 (2013)*
Capital: Honiara (on Guadalcanal)
Official language: English
Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (SI$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: SI$7.21 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,950 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$1.10 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 6.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$55.44 million (2011)*
Foreign debt: US$124.00 million (2012)
* estimated figure

Sudan

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Key Facts
Official name: Jamhuryat es Sudan (Republic of Sudan)
Head of State: President Omar Hassan Ahmad al Bashir (from1993; re-elected Apr 2010)
Head of government: President Omar Hassan Ahmad al Bashir
Ruling party: Al Muttamar al Watani (National Congress Party) (NCP) (from 1998; re-elected Apr 2010)
Area: 1,861,484 square km
Population: 34.38 million (2013)*
Capital: Khartoum
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Sudanese pound (S£) = 100 piastre
Exchange rate: S£5.70 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$2,040 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$70.13 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 10.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 37.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 122,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$4.75 billion (2012)
Foreign debt: US$37.98 billion (Dec 2010)
Annual FDI: US$2.89 billion (2010)
* estimated figure

Sweden

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Key Facts
Official name: Konungariket Sverige (The Kingdom of Sweden)
Head of State: King Carl XVI Gustaf (crowned 19 Sep 1973)
Head of government: Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt (Moderata) (since 2006; re-elected 19 Sep 2010)
Ruling party: Coalition Alliansen (Alliance), Moderata Samlingspartiet (Moderata) (Moderate Coalition Party), with Centerpartiet (Cp) (Centre Party), Folkpartiet Liberalerna (FpL) (Liberal People's Party) and Kristdemokraterna (KD) (Christian Democrats) (since 2006; re-elected 19 Sep 2010)
Area: 448,964 square km
Population: 9.63 million (2013)
Capital: Stockholm
Official language: Swedish
Currency: Swedish krona (SKr) = 100 öre
Exchange rate: SKr6.78 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$57,909 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$557.94 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 5.03 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 8.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$21.56 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$12.30 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Slovenia

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Key Facts
Official name: Republika Slovenija (Republic of Slovenia)
Head of State: President Borut Pahor (from 22 Dec 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Miro Cerar Stranka Mira Cerarja (SMC) (Miro Cerar Party) (from 13 Jul 2014)
Ruling party: After his party's surprise win with 34.7% of the vote in the 13 July 2014 snap election Mr Cerar set about forming a new coalition government on 14 July.
Area: 20,251 square km
Population: 2.06 million (2013)*
Capital: Ljubljana
Official language: Slovene
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2007; previous currency tolar, locked at T239.64 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$22,756 (2013)*
GDP real growth: -1.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$46.85 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 915,000 (2012)*
Unemployment: 10.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$35.00 million (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$817.99 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Slovakia

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Key Facts
Official name: Slovenská Republika (Slovak Republic)
Head of State: President Ivan Gasparovic (formerly HZD) (from 2004, re-elected Apr 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Robert Fico (Smer-SD) (from 4 Apr 2012)
Ruling party: Strana Smer-Tretia Cesta-Sociálna Demokracia (Smer-SD) (Direction Party-Social Democrats) (from 10 Mar 2012)
Area: 49,035 square km
Population: 5.41 million (2013)
Capital: Bratislava
Official language: Slovak
Currency: Euro (€) = 100 cents (from 1 Jan 2009; previous currency Slovak koruna, locked at Sk30.126 per euro)
Exchange rate: €0.73 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$17,706 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$95.81 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 2.70 million (2012)
Unemployment: 14.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$4.65 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$3.66 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Sierra Leone

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Sierra Leone
Head of State: President Ernest Bai Koroma (APC) (from 2007; re-elected 17 Nov 2012)
Head of government: President Ernest Bai Koroma
Ruling party: All People's Congress (APC) (from 2007; re-elected 17 Nov 2012)
Area: 72,325 square km
Population: 6.10 million (2013)*
Capital: Freetown
Official language: English
Currency: Leone (Le) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Le4,328.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$784 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 16.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$4.79 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 10.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.25 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$714.97 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Senegal

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Key Facts
Official name: République du Sénégal (Republic of Senegal)
Head of State: President Macky Sall (APR) (from 2 Apr 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Aminata Touré (APR) (from 1 Sep 2013)
Ruling party: Unis pour un Même Espoir (UME) (United in Hope Coalition), led by Alliance pour la Répulique (APR) (Alliance for the Republic)) (from 1 July 2012)
Area: 196,192 square km
Population: 14.13 million (2013)*
Capital: Dakar
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc).
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$1,073 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$15.15 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 1.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$1.93 million (2010)
Annual FDI: US$286.10 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Somalia

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Key Facts
Official name: Jamhuriyadda ee Soomaaliya (Republic of Somalia)
Head of State: President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud (from 10 Sep 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Abdi Farah Shirdon Saaid (from 6 Oct 2012)
Ruling party: None
Area: 738,000 square km
Population: 51.20 million (2012)*
Capital: Mogadishu
Official language: Somali
Currency: Somali shilling (SoSh) = 100 centesimi
Exchange rate: SoSh897.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$600 (2009, PPP)*
GDP real growth: 2.60% (2009)*
GDP: US$2.73 billion (2009)*
Labour force: 3.45 million (2007)
Inflation: 30.00% (2007)
* estimated figure

Suriname

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Key Facts
Official name: Republiek Suriname (Republic of Suriname)
Head of State: President Desiré (Desi) Delano Bouterse (from 12 Aug 2010)
Head of government: President Desiré Bouterse
Ruling party: Coalition: De Mega Combinatie (Mega Combination, alliance of four political parties, led by Nationale Democratische Partij (National Democratic Party) (NDP) (from 2010)
Area: 163,265 square km
Population: 547,000 (2013)*
Capital: Paramaribo (Parbo)
Official language: Dutch
Currency: Suriname dollar (Su$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Su$3.30 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$9,240 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$5.06 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$803.20 million (2012)
Annual FDI: US$69.80 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

South Sudan

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Key Facts
Official name: South Sudan (Janub as Sudan)
Head of State: President Salva Kiir Mayardit (SPLA/M) (from 9 Jul 2011)
Head of government: Vice President Riek Machar (SPLA/M) (from 9 Jul 2011)
Ruling party: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (from 9 Jul 2011)
Area: 644,329 square kilometres
Population: 10.88 million (2013)* (8,260,490; 2008 census, disputed)
Capital: Juba
Official language: English
Currency: South Sudan Pound (SS£) = 100 piasters
Exchange rate: SS£3.05 per US$ Jul 2013
GDP per capita: US$1,262 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 24.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$13.73 billion (2013)*
Oil production: 31,000 bpd (2012)
* estimated figure

El Salvador

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Key Facts
Official name: República de El Salvador (Republic of El Salvador)
Head of State: President Mauricio Funes (sworn in 2 Jun 2009); President-elect Salvador Sánchez Ceren (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN) (since 9 Mar 2014) (to be sworn in 1 Jun)
Head of government: President Mauricio Funes (FMLN); President-elect Salvador Sánchez Ceren (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN) (since 9 Mar 2014) (to be sworn in 1 Jun)
Ruling party: Alianza Republicana Nacionalista (Arena) (Nationalist Republican Alliance) (from 12 Mar 2012) is the largest party (33 seats out of 84) in the Legislative Assembly
Area: 21,400 square km
Population: 6.33 million (2013)*
Capital: San Salvador
Official language: Spanish
Currency: US dollar (US$) (from 1 Jan 2001; previous currency colón locked at C8.75 per US dollar)
Exchange rate: US$1.00 per US$ (fixed)
GDP per capita: US$3,875 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 1.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$24.51 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 5.74% (2012)* (plus additional underemployment)
Inflation: 0.80% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$4.94 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Syria

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Key Facts
Official name: Jumhuriya al Arabya as Suriya (Syrian Arab Republic)
Head of State: President Bashar al Assad (since 2000)
Head of government: Prime Minister Wael al-Halki (from 11 Aug 2012)
Ruling party: Al Jabha al Wataniyyah at Wahdwamiyyah (National Progressive Front) (NPF), a coalition of 10 parties led by Hizb al Ba'ath al Arabi al Ishtiraki (Ba'ath Party) (Arab Socialist Rebirth Party) (re-elected Apr 2007)
Area: 185,180 square km (plus 1,295 square km Israeli-controlled Golan Heights)
Population: 20.82 million (2011)*
Capital: Damascus
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Syrian pound (Syr£) = 100 piastres
Exchange rate: Syr£149.55 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$2,803 (2010)
GDP real growth: 3.40% (2010)
GDP: US$60.30 billion (2010)
Unemployment: 9.00% (2008)* (Including a percentage of Iraqi refugees)
Inflation: 4.40% (2010)
Oil production: 56,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 4.50 billion (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$3.60 billion (2010)
Annual FDI: US$1.38 billion (2010)
* estimated figure

Swaziland

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Key Facts
Official name: Umbuso weSwatini (Kingdom of Swaziland)
Head of State: King Mswati III
Head of government: Prime Minister Barnabas (Bheki) Sibusiso Dlamini (appointed by the King on 16 Oct 2008)
Ruling party: Political parties are de facto banned
Area: 17,363 square km
Population: 1.09 million (2013)*
Capital: Mbabane (administrative capital); Lobamba (legislative capital and the seat of the monarchy)
Official language: English and siSwati
Currency: Lilangeni – plural Emalangeni (E) = 100 cents; at par with the South African Rand
Exchange rate: E10.68 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,313 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$3.62 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 6.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$787.60 million (2011)
Annual FDI: US$94.75 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Chad

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Key Facts
Official name: République du Tchad (Republic of Chad)
Head of State: President Colonel Idriss Déby Itno (MPS) (from 1996; re-elected 25 Apr 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Emmanuel Nadingar (from 5 Mar 2010)
Ruling party: Mouvement Patriotique du Salut (MPS) (Patriotic Movement for Salvation) (since 1997; re-elected 20 Feb 2011)
Area: 1,284,000 square km
Population: 11.01 million (2013)*
Capital: N'Djamena
Official language: French and Arabic
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc)
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$1,218 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.60% (2013)*
GDP: US$13.41 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 0.22% (2013)
Oil production: 94,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: US$171.30 million (2009)*
Annual FDI: US$781.40 million (2010)
* estimated figure

French Southern and Antarctic Lands

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Key Facts
Official name: Territoire de la Polynésie Française (Territory of French Polynesia)
Head of State: President of France François Hollande (PS) (from 15 May 2012), represented by Préfet Jean-Pierre Laflaquière (from 3 Sep 2012)
Head of government: President of the Territorial Government Gaston Flosse (from 17 May 2013)
Ruling party: Tahoera'a Huiraatira (from 5 May 2013)
Area: 3,600 square km (35 islands and 83 atolls)
Population: 274,512 (2012)*
Capital: Papeete (on Tahiti)
Official language: French and Reo Maohi (Tahitian)
Currency: Comptoirs Français du Pacifique franc (CFPf) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: CFPf87.48 per US$ (Jul 2014); (pegged CFPf119.33 per euro)
Inflation: 1.80% (2011)*
* estimated figure

Togo

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Key Facts
Official name: République Togolaise (Togolese Republic)
Head of State: President Faure Gnassingbé (RPT) (from 2005; re-elected 4 Mar 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Séléagodji Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu Arthème (from 19 Jul 2012)
Ruling party: Rassemblement du Peuple Togolais (RPT) (Rally of the Togolese People) (since 1994; re-elected 2007)
Area: 56,000 square km
Population: 6.82 million (2013)* (5,753,324; census figure Nov 2010)
Capital: Lomé
Official language: French
Currency: CFA franc (CFAf) = 100 centimes (Communauté Financière Africaine (African Financial Community) franc).
Exchange rate: CFAf480.89 per US$ (Jul 2014); CFAf655.95 per euro (pegged from Jan 1999)
GDP per capita: US$640 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$4.36 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$219.20 million (2010)
Annual FDI: US$53.77 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Thailand

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Key Facts
Official name: Prathet Thai; Ratcha Anachak Thai (Kingdom of Thailand)
Head of State: King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) (since 1946)
Head of government: Prime Minister General Prayuth Chan-ocha (from 26 Aug 2014)
Ruling party: The Coalition led by Phak Puea Thai (PPT) (For Thais Party) was removed by an army coup on 22 May 2014
Area: 514,000 square km
Population: 68.23 million (2013)* (65,479,453; 2010 census figure)
Capital: Bangkok
Official language: Thai
Currency: Baht (B) = 100 satang
Exchange rate: B32.23 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,674 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$387.16 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 39.83 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 1.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 459,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 41.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$8.35 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$7.78 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Tajikistan

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Key Facts
Official name: Respublika i Tojikiston (Republic of Tajikistan)
Head of State: President Emomali Rakhmon (leader since 1992; re-elected 2006)
Head of government: Prime Minister Akil Akilov (since 1999)
Ruling party: Hizbi Demokrati Khalkii (HDK) (People's Democratic Party) (elected 2000; re-elected 2010)
Area: 143,100 square km
Population: 8.13 million (2013)*
Capital: Dushanbe
Official language: Tajik (Farsi)
Currency: Somoni (Sm) = 100 dirams
Exchange rate: Sm5.02 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,045 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$8.50 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 2.10 million (2009)*
Inflation: 5.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$3.57 billion (2011)
Annual FDI: US$11.14 million (2011)
* estimated figure

East Timor

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Key Facts
Official name: República Dominicana (Dominican Republic)
Head of State: President Danilo Medina (PLD) (elected 20 May 2012, sworn in 16 August)
Head of government: President Danilo Medina (PLD)
Ruling party: Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Dominican Liberation Party) (from 2010)
Area: 48,400 square km
Population: 10.41 million (2013)
Capital: Santo Domingo de Guzmán
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Dominican Republic peso (RD$) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: RD$43.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$5,834 (2013)
GDP real growth: 4.10% (2013)
GDP: US$60.77 billion (2013)
Unemployment: 7.00% (2013)
Inflation: 4.80% (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$8.89 billion (2011)
Visitor numbers: 4.12 million * (2010, excludes cruise passengers)
* estimated figure

Turkmenistan

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Key Facts
Official name: Türkmenistan Jumhuriyati (Republic of Turkmenistan)
Head of State: President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov (TDP) (from 2007; re-elected 12 Feb 2012)
Head of government: President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov
Ruling party: Türkmenistanyň Demokratik partiýasy (Turkmenistan Democratic Party)
Area: 488,100 square km
Population: 5.70 million (2013)*
Capital: Ashgabat
Official language: Turkmen
Currency: New Manat (M) = 100 tennesi (The new manat was introduced on 1 January 2009, with an exchange rate of 5,000 old manat to one new manat).
Exchange rate: M2.85 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$7,112 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 10.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$40.57 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 7.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 231,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 62.30 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$875.00 million (2009)
Annual FDI: US$3.19 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Tunisia

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Key Facts
Official name: Jumhuriya at Tunisiya (Republic of Tunisia)
Head of State: President Moncef Marzouki (CPR) (from 19 Nov 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Ali Larayedh (Ennahda) (from 14 Mar 2013)
Ruling party: Coalition led by Hizb Ennahda (Nahda) (Renaissance Party), with Al Mu’tamar min ajl il Jumhuriyyah (Congress of the Republic) and At Takattul ad Dimuqrati min ajl il ‘Amal wal Hurriyyat (Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties) (from 19 Nov 2011)
Area: 164,150 square km
Population: 10.92 million (2013)*
Capital: Tunis
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Dinar (D) = 1,000 millimes
Exchange rate: D1.70 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$4,345 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$47.44 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 3.77 million (2010)
Unemployment: 17.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 6.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 62,000 bpd (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$6.03 billion (2012)
Annual FDI: US$432.67 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Turkey

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Key Facts
Official name: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (Republic of Turkey)
Head of State: President Abdullah Gül (from 28 Aug 2007) (Recep Tayyip Erdogan won the presidential election on 11 Aug 2014 and will be inaugurated on 28 Aug)
Head of government: Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan (AKP) (from 2003; re-elected 12 Jun 2011)
Ruling party: Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (AKP) (Justice and Development Party) (elected 2002; re-elected 12 Jun 2011)
Area: 779,452 square km
Population: 76.48 million (2013)
Capital: Ankara
Official language: Turkish
Currency: Yeni Turk Lirasi (New Turkish Lira) (YTL) = 100 kurus
Exchange rate: YTL2.12 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$10,815 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$827.21 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 27.84 million (2012)
Unemployment: 10.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 7.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$65.24 million (2012)
Annual FDI: US$16.04 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Trinidad and Tobago

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Head of State: President George Maxwell Richards (since 2003; re-elected 11 Feb 2008)
Head of government: Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar (UNC) (from 26 May 2010)
Ruling party: Coalition: People’s Partnership led by United National Congress (UNC) with Congress of the People (CP), Tobago Organisation of the People (TOP), National Joint Action Committee (NJAC) and Movement for Social Justice (MSJ) (from 26 May 2010)
Area: 5,128 square km
Population: 1.34 million (2013)*
Capital: Port-of-Spain
Official language: English
Currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TT$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: TT$6.35 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$20,611 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$27.70 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 621,000 (2009)
Unemployment: 5.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 5.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 118,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 42.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$5.43 million (2011)
Annual FDI: US$574.00 million (2011)
* estimated figure

Taiwan

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Key Facts
Official name: Chung-hua Min-kuo (Republic of China) (known as Taiwan)
Head of State: President Ma Ying-jeou (Kuomintang) (from 2008; re-elected 14 Jan 2012)
Head of government: Premier Sean C Chen (Kuomintang) (from 6 Feb 2012)
Ruling party: Kuomintang (KMT) (Chinese Nationalist Party) (from 12 Jan 2008)
Area: 35,961 square km
Population: 23.37 million (2013)
Capital: Taipei
Official language: Mandarin Chinese
Currency: Taiwanese dollar (T$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: T$29.89 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$20,930 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$489.21 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 10.92 million (2009)*
Unemployment: 4.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: US$23.36 billion (2010)
Foreign debt: US$79.80 billion (2009)*
* estimated figure

Tanzania

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Key Facts
Official name: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)
Head of State: President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (CCM) (from 2005; re-elected 2010)
Head of government: Prime Minister Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda (appointed 8 Feb 2008)
Ruling party: Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) (Party of the Revolution) (since 1977; re-elected 30 Oct 2010)
Area: 945,087 square km
Population: 46.28 million (2013)*
Capital: Dodoma (official, legislative centre); Dar es Salaam (the former capital is the largest city and de facto commercial capital)
Official language: KiSwahili and English
Currency: Tanzania shilling (Tsh) = 100 senti (convertible with currencies of Kenya and Uganda)
Exchange rate: Tsh1,668.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$703 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 7.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$32.54 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 21.23 million (2009)*
Inflation: 8.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$4.41 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$1.10 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Ukraine

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Key Facts
Official name: Ukraina (Ukraine)
Head of State: President Petro Poroshenko (Independent) (elected 25 May, assumed office 7 June 2014)
Head of government: Prime Minister Arseniy Petrovych Yatsenyuk (Batkivshchyna) (All-Ukrainian Union Fatherland) (from 27 Feb 2014)
Ruling party: Partiya Regioniv (PR) (Party of the Regions) (from 2010; re-elected 28 Oct 2012)
Area: 603,700 square km
Population: 45.37 million (2013)*
Capital: Kiev (Kyiv)
Official language: Ukrainian
Currency: Hryvna (H) = 100 kopiyka (plural hryvni)
Exchange rate: H11.72 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,919 (2013)*
GDP: US$177.83 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 21.72 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 7.00% (2013)*
Natural gas production: 19.30 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$22.83 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$7.21 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Uganda

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Uganda
Head of State: President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (NRM) (since 1986; re-elected 18 Feb 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Amama Mbabazi (from 24 May 2011)
Ruling party: National Resistance Movement (NRM) (from 1999; re-elected 2011)
Area: 236,036 square km
Population: 36.82 million (2013)*
Capital: Kampala
Official language: English
Currency: Ugandan shilling (Ush) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Ush2,657.00 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$626 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$23.05 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 5.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.38 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$796.94 million (2011)
* estimated figure

United States of America

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Key Facts
Official name: United States of America
Head of State: President Barack Hussein Obama (Dem) (from 2009; re-elected 6 Nov 2012)
Head of government: President Barack Obama
Ruling party: Republican Party (in House of Representatives) (from 2010); Democratic Party (in the Senate) (from 2006)
Area: 9,300,000 square km
Population: 316.37 million (2012)* (308,745,538; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Washington DC
Official language: There is no official language declared in the constitution. English is the de facto working language and Spanish is the second, widely spoken, unofficial language.
Currency: US dollar (US$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: US$1.00 per US$ US$0.73 per euro (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$53,101 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$16,799.70 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 155.21 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 7.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 1.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 10.00 million bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 687.60 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$740.80 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Uruguay

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Key Facts
Official name: República Oriental del Uruguay (Oriental Republic of Uruguay)
Head of State: President José Mujica (Frente Amplio) (sworn in 1 Mar 2010)
Head of government: President José Mujica
Ruling party: Frente Amplio (FA) (Broad Front) coalition (since 2004)
Area: 176,215 square km
Population: 3.39 million (2013)*
Capital: Montevideo
Official language: Spanish
Currency: Peso Uruguayo (Ur$) = 100 centavos
Exchange rate: Ur$22.96 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$16,609 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$56.34 billion (2013)*
Unemployment: 6.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 9.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.31 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$2.18 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Uzbekistan

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Key Facts
Official name: Ozbekiston Respublikasy (Republic of Uzbekistan)
Head of State: President Islam Abduganievich Karimov (since 1991; re-elected 23 Dec 2007)
Head of government: Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyayev (appointed 11 Dec 2003)
Ruling party: Coalition of O'zbekiston Liberal Demokratik Partiyasi (O'zLiDEp) (Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party), O'zbekistan Xalq Demokratik Partiyasi) (OXDP) (People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan), O'zbekistan Milliy Tiklanish Demokratik Partiyasi (OMTDP) Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party) and Adolat Sotsial Demokratik Partiyasi (Adolat) (Justice Social Democratic Party) (from 25 Jan 2010)
Area: 447,400 square km
Population: 30.24 million (2013)*
Capital: Tashkent
Official language: Uzbek
Currency: Sum (Sum) = 100 tiyin
Exchange rate: Sum2,296.43 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,868 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 8.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$56.48 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 11.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 63,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 55.20 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: -US$162.00 million (2010)
* estimated figure

Vietnam

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Key Facts
Official name: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam (The Socialist Republic of Vietnam) (SRV)
Head of State: President Truong Tan Sang (from 25 Jul 2011)
Head of government: Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung (from 2006; re-elected 26 Jul 2011)
Ruling party: Dang Cong San Viet Nam (DCSV) (Communist Party of Vietnam)
Area: 329,556 square km
Population: 89.69 million (2013)*
Capital: Hanoi
Official language: Vietnamese
Currency: Dong (D) = 100 xu
Exchange rate: D21,247.50 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,902 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 5.02% (2013)*
GDP: US$170.57 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 48.26 million (2009)*
Unemployment: 4.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 7.00% (2013)*
Oil production: 350,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 9.80 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$9.88 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

Vanuatu

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Key Facts
Official name: Ripablik blong Vanuatu (Republic of Vanuatu)
Head of State: President Iolu Abil (from 2 Sep 2009)
Head of government: Prime Minister Moana Carcasses Kalosil (from 23 Mar 2013)
Ruling party: A coalition led by Vanua'aku Pati (VP) with National Unity Party (NUP), Union des Partis Moderés (UPM) (Union of Moderate Parties), Leba Pati (Vanuatu Labour Party) (VLP) and independents (since 2004; re-elected 30 Oct 2012)
Area: 11,880 square km (82 islands)
Population: 266,000 (2013)*
Capital: Port Vila (on Efate)
Official language: Bislama (Ni-Vanuatu Pidgin), English, French
Currency: Vatu (V) = 100 centimes
Exchange rate: V96.09 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$3,082 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 3.00% (2013)
GDP: US$821.00 million (2013)*
Inflation: 1.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$242.84 million (2011)
Foreign debt: US$111.00 million (2010)
* estimated figure

Yemen

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Key Facts
Official name: Jamhuriya al Yamaniya (Republic of Yemen)
Head of State: President Abd Rabbuh Mansur al Hadi (from 21 Feb 2012)
Head of government: Prime Minister Muhammed Salim Basindwa (from 27 Nov 2011)
Ruling party: Al Mutammar al Shabi al Am (GPC) (General People's Congress) (from 1999; re-elected 2003)
Area: 527,968 square km
Population: 26.66 million (2013)*
Capital: Sana'a
Official language: Arabic
Currency: Rial (YR) = 100 fils
Exchange rate: YR214.90 per US$ (NIS); 6.96 (LE) (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,469 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 4.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$39.15 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 6.64 million (2009)
Unemployment: 35.00% (2009)
Inflation: 10.98% (2012)*
Oil production: 161,000 bpd (2013)
Natural gas production: 10.30 billion cum (2013)
Balance of trade: US$1.45 billion (2012)*
* estimated figure

South Africa

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of South Africa
Head of State: President Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (ANZ) (from 9 May 2009; re-elected 21 May 2014)
Head of government: President Jacob Zuma (ANZ) (from 7 May 2009; re-elected 21 May 2014)
Ruling party: African National Congress (ANC) (since 1994; re-elected 21 May 2014)
Area: 1,127,200 square km
Population: 52.98 million (2013)*
Capital: Cape Town (legislative); Johannesburg (financial); Pretoria (to be renamed Tshwane) (administrative); Bloemfontein (judicial)
Official language: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Sesotho, Northern Sotho, SiSwati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu.
Currency: Rand (R) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: R10.68 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$6,621 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$350.78 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 18.08 million (2012)*
Unemployment: 25.00% (2013)*
Inflation: 6.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$9.14 billion (2012)*
Annual FDI: US$5.72 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Zambia

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Zambia
Head of State: President Michael Sata (PF) (from 29 Sep 2011)
Head of government: President Michael Sata (Patriotic Front) (from 29 Sep 2011)
Ruling party: Patriotic Front
Area: 752,614 square km
Population: 14.54 million (2013)* (13,046,508; 2010, census figure)
Capital: Lusaka
Official language: English
Currency: Kwacha (K) = 100 ngwee
Exchange rate: K6.09 per US$ (Jul2014); Zambia re-based the kwacha on 31 Dec 2012, dropping three zeros
GDP per capita: US$1,542 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 6.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$22.42 billion (2013)*
Inflation: 7.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$2.22 billion (2011)
* estimated figure

Zimbabwe

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Key Facts
Official name: Republic of Zimbabwe
Head of State: President Robert Gabriel Mugabe (Zanu-PF) (since 1980; re-elected 2013)
Head of government: Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai (MDC) (from 11 Feb 2009)
Ruling party: Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) (from 28 Jul 2013)
Area: 391,109 square km
Population: 13.12 million (2013)*
Capital: Harare
Official language: English, Shona and Ndebele
Currency: Zimbabwe dollar (Z$) = 100 cents
Exchange rate: Z$378.00 per US$ (JUL 2014; official) (street rate is far higher)
GDP per capita: US$987 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 300.00% (2013)*
GDP: US$12.95 billion (2013)*
Labour force: 3.84 million (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
* estimated figure

Kosovo

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Key Facts
Official name: Ripaberikan Kiribati (Republic of Kiribati) (pronounced Kiribas)
Head of State: President (Beretitenti) Anote Tong (BTK) (since 2003: re-elected 13 Jan 2012)
Head of government: President (Beretitenti) Anote Tong
Ruling party: Boutokan te Koaua (BTK) (Pillars of Truth) (since 2003; re-elected 28 Oct 2011)
Area: 810 square km (33 islands and atolls)
Population: 109,000 (2013)
Capital: Bairiki (on Tarawa)
Official language: I-Kiribati, English
Currency: Australian dollar (A$) = 100 cents)
Exchange rate: A$1.06 per US$ (Jul 2014)
GDP per capita: US$1,571 (2013)*
GDP real growth: 2.90% (2013)*
GDP: US$172.00 million (2013)*
Inflation: 2.00% (2013)*
Balance of trade: -US$96.00 million (2012)*
Foreign debt: US$34.00 million (2012)*
* estimated figure


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